|PAPERS BY PEIRCE |
Manuscript Images Translations
|PEIRCE-RELATED PAPERS |
BOOKS 1996–2005 Dissertations
|Transactions JSTOR (Book REVIEWS 1968–now)||PEIRCE EDITION PROJECT study-aid links||NOTES & NOTICES at P.E.P. (143 books 1992–2006)||INDIANA U PRESS books on or by Peirce||I.S.P.'s RECOMMENDED Books||Big polyglot BIBLIOGRAPHY
(G.E.P. at U of NAVARRA, Spain)
|Big polyglot BIBLIOGRAPHY
(C.S.P. at U of MILAN, Italy)
Charles S. Peirce y John Dewey en las aulas
La belleza en Charles S. Peirce:
origen y alcance de sus ideas estéticas
Prolegomena to a Science of Reasoning:
Phaneroscopy, Semeiotic, Logic
PEIRCE & BISANZ, ed. 2015.
Ecologies of Meaning
Category Theory and Philosophy
Evolutionary Aesthetics and Charles Peirce
Philosophy of Education in
the Semiotics of Charles Peirce:
A Cosmology of Learning and Loving
Hitler and Abductive Logic:
The Strategy of a Tyrant
Este filósofo, chamado
Charles Sanders Peirce
The Bloomsbury Companion
PIHLSTRÖM, ed. 2015.
Anderson & Hausman 2012.
Barrena, ed. 2008.
Barrena & Nubiola 2013.
Beil & Ketner 2006.
Bellucci, Pietarinen, Stjernfelt, eds. 2014.
Borges, Jorge, Santaella, eds. 2011
Brent & Jin, tr. 2008.
Brier, Sørensen, Thellefsen, eds. 2012.
Chiasson & Tristan 2012.
Danesi (ed.), & Queiroz & Stjernfelt, orgs. 2011.
El-Hani, Queiroz, Emmeche 2009.
Engel, Queisner, Viola, eds. 2012.
Fabbrichesi & Marietti, eds. 2006.
Farias & Queiroz, eds. 2006
Gudwin & Queiroz, eds. 2006
Guerri, ed. 2014.
Haack & Lane, eds. 2006.
Kiryushchenko 2008/2009 (?)
Moore, ed. 2010.
Nubiola & Zalamea 2006.
Nubiola & Zalamea. co-ords. 2006.
Peirce, & Balat & the Deledalles, trs. 2007.
Peirce & Barrena, tr. 2010.
Peirce & Barrena, tr. 2008.
Peirce & Barrena, tr. 2007.
Peirce & Bisanz, ed. 2009.
Peirce & Bisanz, ed. 2015.
Peirce et al, De Tienne & Shook, eds. 2006.
Peirce & García (tr.) 2014.
Peirce & James, & Annoni, Maddalena, trs. 2011.
Peirce & Leung, tr. 2006.
Peirce & Luisi, tr. 2008.
Peirce & eds., & McNabb, tr., & Barrena, ed. 2012a.|
Peirce & eds., & McNabb, tr., & Barrena, ed. 2012b.
Peirce & Moore, ed. 2010.
Peirce & P.E.P. ed. 2010 (W8).
Peirce, & Tiercelin, Thibaud, Cometti, trs. 2006.
Peirce & Waal, ed. 2014 (ILS).
Pihlström, ed. 2015.
Romanini & Fernández, eds. 2014.
Queiroz, Loula, Gudwin 2007.
Sandoval (compiler) 2006.
Sarbo, Farkas, Breemen 2011.
F.W. Scott 2006.
Shepperson et al, Tomaselli, ed. 2008.
Shook & Margolis, eds. 2006.
Talisse & Aikin, eds. 2011.
Thellefsen & Sørensen, eds. 2014.
Waal & Skowroński, eds. 2012.
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914), American Scientist, Mathematician, and Logician, developed much of the logic widely used today. Using copies of his unpublished manuscripts, this book provides a comprehensive collection of Peirce’s writings on Phaneroscopy and the outlines of his project to develop a Science of Reasoning. The collection is focused on three main fields: Phaneroscopy, the science of observation, Semeiotic, the science of sign relations, and Logic, the science of inferences. Peirce understands all thought to be mediated in and through signs and its essence to be diagrammatic. The book serves as a timely contribution for the introduction of Peirce’s Phaneroscopy to the emerging research field of Image Sciences.
Elize Bisanz holds a PhD in Communication Sciences from the Technical University of Berlin. She is an advisory board member of the German Association of Semiotic Studies as well as a permanent research member of the Institute for Studies in Pragmaticism at Texas Tech University.
El pragmatismo norteamericano, que nos lleva a entender al ser humano en relación con sus acciones, puede verse como una teoría del aprendizaje que tiene mucho que aportar en una sociedad tan compleja como la actual, en la que resulta más necesario que nunca un pensamiento flexible, imaginativo y eficaz que sepa manejar la información y las nuevas tecnologías. La creatividad aparece en el pensamiento de los pragmatistas, particularmente en Charles S. Peirce y John Dewey, como el eje en torno al que gira un nuevo concepto de educación. Esa creatividad no está reñida con la profundidad de los contenidos, con la disciplina o con el rigor, sino que tiene que ver con aprender de la experiencia y con razonar más eficazmente.
La acción y sus posibles consecuencias, el razonamiento mediante hipótesis — que combina rigor e imaginación — , la valoración positiva del error, el fomento del autocontrol, el desarrollo de hábitos de crecimiento y la búsqueda de un espíritu científico que promueva en los alumnos la investigación y la comunidad constituyen las claves que nos ofrece el pragmatismo para mejorar la educación. Con esas herramientas es posible convertir todas las materias, incluso aquellas aparentemente poco imaginativas como el deporte o las matemáticas, en algo creativo, orientado hacia el crecimiento integral de las personas.
Englished, with some help from Google:
American pragmatism, which leads us to understand the human being in relation to his actions, can be seen as a theory of learning that has much to contribute in a society as complex as today's, which makes more necessary than ever flexible, imaginative, and effective thinking so as to know how to handle information and the new technologies. Creativity appears in the thinking of the pragmatists, particularly Charles S. Peirce and John Dewey, as the axis around which a new concept of education revolves. That creativity is not at odds with the depth of content, with discipline or with rigor, but it has to do with learning from experience and with reasoning more effectively.
Action and its possible consequences, reasoning through hypothesis — combining rigor and imagination — , the positive evaluation of error, the promotion of self-control, the development of habits of growth, and the search for a scientific spirit that promotes in students research and the community constitute the keys that pragmatism offers us to improve education. With these tools it is possible to convert all subjects, even those seemingly hardly imaginative like sports or mathematics, into something creative, oriented towards the integral growth of people.
Turning Signs is an essay about life, the universe and everything that means something. It's also an interlinked network of thoughts and observations about such things, written or transcribed by the author or by anyone else who cares to contribute their ideas.
The essay part (or Obverse side) of Turning Signs was completed in September 2015 and is now available as a printed book. It took 15 years of research and revision, and 70 years of a human life, to reach that state of completion. It serves as a stable context for the other (Reverse) side of Turning Signs, which is incomplete and open-ended (rather like life itself). This consists of current thoughtnotes appearing daily on the author's blog, along with comments and questions by other readers and writers. These thoughtnotes are also collected into rePatches, listed above next to the Chapters they correspond to, and named according to their content.
This netbook draws upon various arts, sciences and religious traditions in an attempt to throw some light on the deeper qualities of life we are often too busy to notice. I have documented my sources, to the best of my ability, by means of parenthetical citations and a reference list so that interested readers can locate them if they wish to. But no specialized or academic background is required. I've also included hypertext links so that readers who are so inclined can take side trips from the main train of thought running through the sequential chapters of the book's Obverse side.
All readers are invited to post comments or questions on the signposting blog (or e-mail me, gnox -at- gnusystems -dot- ca). You can even join a live discussion group that meets weekly, or subscribe to the weekly newsletter which will help you keep in touch with the conversation. Just enter your email address into the form on that page or on the sidebar of the blog.
|Obverse: Intimations||Reverse: Intimologies|
| 1· Beginning: Apocalypse | PDF
2· Dialogue and Human Nature | PDF
3· Guidance Systems | PDF
4· Here Comes EveryBody | PDF
5· Inside Out | PDF
6· Revelation and Concealment | PDF
7· Experience and Experiment | PDF
8· Consensus and Community | PDF
9· Model and Meaning | PDF
10· Circuits and Closure | PDF
11· Simplexity | PDF
12· Reality and Objectivity | PDF
13· Meaning Spaces | PDF
14· Communicoding | PDF
15· Context and Content | PDF
16· Practice and Performance | PDF
17· Self and Other Subjects | PDF
18· Turning Symbols | PDF
19· Creation Evolving | PDF
·19 Re:Creation |
·18 Symbols Turning
·17 The Subject of Selves
·16 Dharma Pragmata
·15 Content and Context
·13 Meaning Time
·12 Objecting and Realizing
·10 Closure and Disclosure
· 9 Meaning and Modeling
· 8 Communing
· 7 Experiencing
· 6 Lightning the Dark
· 5 Outside In
· 4 AnyBody Thus Gone
· 3 System Guidance
· 2 Natural Dialogic
· 1 Apocalypse: Opening Time
A renewal of immanent metaphysics through diagrammatic methods and the tools of category theory
Spinoza, Peirce and Deleuze are, in different ways, philosophers of immanence. Rocco Gangle addresses the methodological questions raised by a commitment to immanence in terms of how diagrams may be used both as tools and as objects of philosophical investigation. He integrates insights from Spinozist metaphysics, Peircean semiotics and Deleuze’s philosophy of difference in conjunction with the formal operations of category theory.
Category theory reveals deep structural connections among logic, topology and a variety of different areas of mathematics, and it provides constructive and rigorous concepts for investigating how diagrams work. Gangle introduces the methods of category theory from a philosophical and diagrammatic perspective, allowing philosophers with little or no mathematical training to come to grips with this important field.
This coordination of immanent metaphysics, diagrammatic method and category theoretical mathematics opens a new horizon for contemporary thought.
About the author:
Rocco Gangle is Associate Professor of Humanities/Philosophy at Endicott College, USA. His work on contemporary French thought, Spinoza, Peirce and diagrammatic logic has appeared in Philosophy Today, SubStance, Political Theology and other journals and edited collections. He is the translator of François Laruelle's Philosophies of Difference (Continuum Press, 2010).
The Philosophy of Category Theory comes of age with Spinoza, Peirce and Deleuze, understood through functors, presheaves, and adjunctions. A compelling use of nearly 50 diagrams supports a deep understanding of structure, variation, and difference. Gangle introduces a new, needed voice for the provocative "visual turn" of the 21st Century.
— Fernando Zalamea, author of Synthetic Philosophy of Contemporary Mathematics
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) is generally regarded as the founder of pragmatism, and one of the greatest ever American philosophers. Peirce is also widely known for his work on truth, his foundational work in mathematical logic, and an influential theory of signs, or semiotics. Albert Atkin introduces the full spectrum of Peirce’s thought for those coming to his work for the first time.
The book begins with an overview of Peirce’s life and work, considering his early and long-standing interest in logic and science, and highlighting important views on the structure of philosophical thought. Atkin then explains Peirce’s accounts of pragmatism and truth examining important later developments to these theories. He then introduces Peirce’s full accounts of semiotics, examines his foundational work on formal and graphical logic, and introduces Peirce’s account of metaphysics, the least understood aspect of his philosophy. The final chapter considers Peirce’s legacy and influence on the thought of philosophers such as John Dewey and Richard Rorty, as well as highlighting areas where Peirce’s ideas could still provide important insights for contemporary philosophers.
Including chapter summaries, suggestions for further reading and a glossary, this invaluable introduction and guide to Peirce’s philosophy is essential reading for those new to his work.
Se pudéssemos perguntar a Peirce sobre os fatos da História que ninguém conhece, por estarem perdidos na noite dos tempos, ele nos responderia com inúmeras indagações:
Deixarão essas coisas de realmente existir por inexiste qualquer esperança de o nosso conhecimento alcançá-las? Depois da morte do universo e depois de a vida ter cessado para sempre, não continuará a colisão de átomos, conquanto já não exista espírito que possa notar isso? E responderia: “Há uns poucos anos, não sabíamos de que substâncias são constituídas as estrelas, cuja luz para atingir-nos pode ter exigido tempo superior ao da existência da raça humana. Não se pode dizer, enfim, que haja uma questão que não possa vir a ser resolvida. Seja o que for que pensemos, temos presente à consciência ou sensação, imagem, concepção ou outra representação, servindo de signo. Mas segue-se da nossa própria existência que tudo aquilo que nos é presente constitui manifestação fenomenal de nossa pessoa”.
If we could ask Peirce about the facts of history that no one knows, because they are lost in the mists of time, he would answer us with numerous questions:
Do these things not really exist because they are hopelessly beyond the reach of our knowledge? And then, after the universe is dead, and all life has ceased forever, will not the shock of atoms continue though there will be no mind to know it? And he would respond: "Who would have said, a few years ago, that we could ever know of what substances stars are made whose light may have been longer in reaching us than the human race has existed? We cannot say, in the end, that there is a question that cannot come to be solved. However we think, we have present to mind either sensation, image, conception, or other representation, serving as a sign. But it follows from our own existence that everything which is present to us is a phenomenal manifestation of ourselves."
Pragmatism provides not just a theoretical perspective on science and inquiry, but ways of being in the world, of knowing the reality we inhabit. Approaching this philosophical tradition as a diverse set of philosophies that it is, The Bloomsbury Companion to Pragmatism introduces many of the ideas and debates at the centre of the field today.
Focusing on issues in 12 different subject areas, this up-to-date companion covers current research in aesthetics, economics, education, ethics, history, law, metaphysics, politics, race, religion, science and technology, language, and social theory. Supported by an introduction to research methods and problems, as well as a guide to past and future directions in the field, the chapters are also enhanced by a glossary, research guide and an annotated bibliography. For anyone working in contemporary pragmatism or modern American philosophy more generally, this companion provides a practical means of navigating what can sometimes feel like a disparate field.
Showing where important work continues to be done, the tensions that exist, and, most valuably, the exciting new directions the field is taking, The Bloomsbury Companion to Pragmatism expands our understanding of the role of pragmatism in 21st century philosophy.
In World Enough, Hellberg seeks a methodological meta-framework for evolutionary aesthetics to delve deeper into literary and artistic works than current criticism possibly can. By examining the limits of current Theory and then exploring the findings of cognitive science, biosemiotics and literary Darwinism, Hellberg seeks to expand the Humanities by extending the breadth of the Human past language and text. As he says, 'Dignity is the moment when homo sapiens becomes human being.' To do this, he uses the philosophy of Charles Peirce, taking readers past Peirce's more familiar semiotic system, in order to outline a how the various types of evolutionary criticism may find traction in literary works. In the past twenty years the Humanities have seen a growing disenchantment with the excesses of Theory, and evolutionary criticism hopes to breathe new life back into the discipline. Hellberg shows a way to save the Humanities — to save the rich range of interpretation it gives and derives from human life — by looking even deeper into our evolutionary heritage as we find it in literary works to better understand ourselves.
This book investigates the philosophy of education implicit in the semiotics of Charles Peirce. It is commonly accepted that the acts of learning and teaching imply affection of some sort, and Charles Peirce’s evolutionary semiotics thoroughly explains learning as an act of love. According to Peirce, we evolved to learn and to love; learning from other people has proved to be one of the best ways to carry out our infinite pursuit of truth, since love is the very characteristic of truth. As such, the teacher and the student practise love in their relation with one another.
Grounded within an edusemiotics framework and also exploring the iconic turn in semiotics and recent developments in biosemiotics, this is the first book-length study of Peirce’s contribution to the philosophy of education.
About the Author:
[...] holds a PhD in Philosophy of Education from the University of Roehampton. He is a member of the Semiotics and Education Network and an active researcher in these fields. His other main research interests are diagrammatic reasoning, the history of semiotics, phenomenology and medieval philosophy.
De formación principalmente científica, Charles S. Peirce conjugaba sus actividades de investigación con un profundo interés por la lógica y la filosofía. Aunque puede parecer que sus intereses estuvieron siempre alejados del arte, dejó importantes pistas sobre la creación humana, y la estética llegó a convertirse al final de su vida en la clave de su pragmaticismo.
Este libro explora las conexiones biográficas y teóricas de Peirce con la estética, y analiza qué puede aportar el pensamiento peirceano a la comprensión del fenómeno artístico.
La peculiar estética de Peirce no se reduce a una mera teoría del arte sino que se convertirá en la ciencia normativa por excelencia, orientando al ser humano hacia aquello que ha de ser buscado por sí mismo, y proporcionando un peculiar equilibrio entre lo sensible y lo racional, entre lo material y lo trascendente.
Englished, with some help from Google:
Of mainly scientific formation, Charles S. Peirce conjoined his investigative activities with a deep interest in logic and philosophy. Although it may seem that his interests were always distanced from art, he left important clues about human creation, and esthetics became at the end of his life the key to his pragmaticism.
This book explores Peirce's biographical and theoretical connections to esthetics, and analyzes what Peircean thinking can bring to the understanding of the artistic phenomenon.
The peculiar esthetic of Peirce is not reduced to a mere theory of art but will become the normative science par excellence, orienting the human being towards that which is to be sought for itself, and providing a peculiar balance between the sensible and the rational, between the material and the transcendent.
Este livro pretende oferecer ao leitor uma introdução ao pensamento do filósofo norte-americano Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) de modo a configurar uma propedêutica para uma reflexão sobre o seu conceito de imortalidade do homem. Buscar-se-á descrever a filosofia sistemática do autor, começando pela sua Classificação das Ciências para, na sequência, investigar detidamente a sua concepção da Filosofia, abordando todas as suas subdivisões, a saber: a Fenomenologia, com uma exposição das suas conhecidas três categorias (primeiridade, segundidade e terceiridade); as Ciências Normativas, com a exibição do entrelaçamento entre estética, ética e lógica; e a Metafísica, mostrando como o autor opera a extensão das três categorias fenomenológicas ao âmbito do real. Também serão explicadas duas doutrinas extremamente importantes que estão por detrás da filosofia de Peirce: o Idealismo Objetivo e o Sinequismo ou teoria da continuidade. Essas ciências e doutrinas formarão, por fim, a base para o entendimento da versão particular do Pragmatismo exibida pelo autor, o Pragmaticismo, bem como para uma breve apresentação da sua Semiótica.Translation (improvements welcome):
This book aims to provide the reader with an introduction to the thought of the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) to set up a propaedeutic for a reflection on his concept of human immortality. Search It [?] will describe the author's systematic philosophy, starting with his Classification of the Sciences so as, sequentially, to investigate carefully his conception of philosophy, addressing all its subdivisions, namely: Phenomenology, with an exhibition of his well-known three categories (Firstness, Secondness and Thirdness); Normative Sciences, with the exhibition of the interlacing among aesthetics, ethics, and logic; and Metaphysics, showing how the author works the extension of the three phenomenological categories on the scope of the real. Also, two extremely important doctrines behind Peirce's philosophy will be explained: Objective Idealism, and Synechism or continuity theory. These sciences and doctrines will form, finally, the basis for the understanding of the particular version of Pragmatism exhibited by the author — Pragmaticism — as well as for a brief presentation of his Semiotic.
Die Frage nach der Bestimmung des Verhältnisses von Glaube und Wissen gehört noch immer zu den zentralen Fragen der Theologie und Religionsphilosophie. Auf diese Frage gibt Martin Schmuck eine Antwort, indem er die auf Erfahrung, common sense und Pragmatismus aufbauende Religionsphilosophie von Charles Sanders Peirce im Sinne einer strengen Komplementarität des religiösen und (natur-)wissenschaftlichen Zugangs zur einen Wirklichkeit entfaltet. Aus der Kritik an Peirces indeterministischer Metaphysik entwickelt er die Alternative einer naturalistischen Ontologie auf dem Stand der aktuellen wissenschaftlichen Diskussion um Dispositionen und Naturgesetze, die wichtige Aspekte der Philosophie Peirces – insbesondere den objektiven Idealismus, die Modalontologie und die Kontinuumsphilosophie – in neuer Weise zur Geltung bringt. ‚Religion of Science‘ und Ontologie werden anschließend für das Projekt einer modernen Theologie des christlichen Glaubens fruchtbar gemacht, welche die christlichen Glaubensaussagen konsequent naturalistisch interpretiert.
Martin Schmuck: Geboren 1966; Studium der Ev. Theologie, Biologie und Philosophie für das Lehramt an Gymnasien in Gießen; 2013 Promotion; seit 2000 als Studienrat an einer Gesamtschule.
Martin Schmuck describes Charles Sanders Peirce's pragmatic philosophy of religion, based on common sense, as a theory which holds a comprehensive complementary view of religion and science. Starting with a critical examination of Peirce's indeterministic evolutionary cosmology, Martin Schmuck develops an alternative "necessitarian" and naturalistic ontology, which recognizes the modern discussion about dispositions and laws of nature and presents central aspects of Peirce's philosophy, for example an objective idealism, modal ontology and a philosophy of continuity, in a new fashion. Both Peirce's "Religion of Science" and the revised naturalistic ontology are then used to realize the concept of a modern theology of Christian faith which provides a profoundly naturalistic interpretation of the Christian creed.
Martin Schmuck: [Google-Englished:] Born in 1966; Study of Ev. Theology, biology and philosophy for teaching in high schools in casting; Promotion 2013; since 2000 as a teacher at a comprehensive school.
Aims and Scope
In 2014, Peirce will have been dead for one hundred years. The book will celebrate this extraordinary, prolific thinker and the relevance of his idea for semiotics, communication, and cognitive studies. More importantly, however, it will provide a major statement of the current status of Peirce's work within semiotics. The volume will be a contribution to both semiotics and Peirce studies.
On April 19, 1914, the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce died. He had not held an academic position since 1883 and had lived the last third of his life in financial distress, increasingly isolated, and finally ill. Despite this fact, the last two decades of his life proved the intellectually most fruitful and adventurous part of his already very productive life. In the centerary of his death, his philosophy, integrating logic, pragmatism and semiotics in a detailed architecture, increasingly attracts investigators from all over the globe, not only for historical reasons but also with the aim of extracting insights and ideas relevant for contemporary purposes. This volume gathers a large bundle of contemporary Peirce scholars of different backgrounds, giving a picture of the variety of Peircean themes under current development in many different directions. As Peirce himself declared in 1908, his late system illustrates "a development of thought not likely to be independently reproduced in a century."
Interviews with Fernando Andacht, Douglas Anderson, Victor R. Baker, Mats Bergman, Vincent Colapietro, Marcel Danesi, André De Tienne, Cornelis de Waal, Terrence W. Deacon, Susan Haack, Leila Haaparanta, Jaakko Hintikka,
Charles Peirce’s Illustrations of the Logic of Science is an early work in the philosophy of science and the official birthplace of pragmatism. It contains Peirce's two most influential papers: "The Fixation of Belief" and "How to Make Our Ideas Clear," as well as discussions on the theory of probability, the ground of induction, the relation between science and religion, and the logic of abduction. Unsatisfied with the result and driven by a constant, almost feverish urge to improve his work, Peirce spent considerable time and effort revising these papers. After the turn of the century these efforts gained significant momentum when Peirce sought to establish his role in the development of pragmatism while distancing himself from the more popular versions that had become current. The present edition brings together the original series as it appeared in Popular Science Monthly and a selection of Peirce’s later revisions, many of which remained hidden in the mass of messy manuscripts that were left behind after his death in 1914.
Cornelis de Waal is an associate professor at Indiana University and Purdue University Indianapolis. The editor-in-chief of Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, he lives in Indianapolis.
This book presents a systematic interpretation of Charles S. Peirce’s work based on a Kantian understanding of his teleological account of thought and inquiry. Departing from readings that contrast Peirce’s treatment of purpose, end, and teleology with his early studies of Kant, Gabriele Gava instead argues that focusing on Peirce’s purposefulness as a necessary regulative (in the Kantian sense) condition for inquiry and semiotic processes allows for a transcendental interpretation of Peirce’s philosophical project. The author advances this interpretation through presenting original views on aspects of Peirce’s thought, including: a detailed analysis of Peirce’s ‘methodeutic’ and ‘speculative rhetoric,’ as well as his ‘critical common-sensism’; a comparison between Peirce’s and James’ pragmatisms in view of the account of purposefulness Gava puts forth; and an examination of the logical relationships that order Peirce’s architectonic classification of the sciences.
Adolf Hitler is the greatest mystery of the 20th century, and the mystery surrounding him consists of two unanswered questions that have baffled biographers and historians. First, how did he ever rise to power? Second, who was he really?
Hitler had the power to mesmerize crowds as the most dynamic orator of the modern age. Yet, his power was not in his ideas, which he collected from the gutter sheets of Vienna, nor was it in his personality; his biographers describe him as an "unperson" and his character as a "void" and a "black hole." What, then, was the source of his power? Was he a medium or a magician with paranormal powers, as many contemporaries thought? Or did he have a secret or method that has not yet been revealed?
Ben Novak spent fourteen years searching for the secret of Hitler's political success and his power as a speaker. Hitler's most astute contemporary observer, Konrad Heiden, who wrote the first objective books on Hitler warning that this man was "the greatest massdisturber in world history," suggested that Hitler's secret lay in his use of "eine eigentiimliche art von Logik,"or a "peculiar form of logic." Beginning with this clue, Novak finds that there is a new form of logic in accordance with Heiden's description and examples that can explain Hitler's phenomenal political success. This new form of logic, called "abduction," was discovered by an American philosopher, Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), who is rapidly becoming America's most well-known philosopher and logician.
Abduction is a third form of logic, in addition to deduction and induction. Unlike the other forms of logic, abduction is based on instinct and has a power over emotions. Novak argues that Hitler was the first politician to apply the logic of abduction to politics. This book provides the first coherent account of Hitler's youth that ties together all the known facts, clearly showing the genesis of the strangest and most terrible man of the twentieth century while identifying the power he discovered that allowed him to break out into the world in such a terrifying way.
Ben Novak is an independent scholar with an interdisciplinary Ph.D. in history, philosophy, and political science from Pennsylvania State University.
La concepción ética del filósofo y científico Charles S. Peirce (1839–1914) es un tema que, comparativamente, ha suscitado poco interés entre los estudiosos de su pensamiento. La presente investigación se propone abordar qué es la ética para Peirce, a partir de un análisis exhaustivo de sus escritos, y demostrar que en él se da un interés real por la ética, fruto de un largo proceso especulativo, a la que dedica una parte considerable de su reflexión y que posee un papel relevante en su doctrina del pragmatismo. Con ese fin, la concepción ética de Peirce es estudiada desde dos perspectivas conjuntas. La primera es la evolución que registra a través de su obra completa, desde los primeros escritos juveniles hasta sus escritos de madurez. La segunda consiste en las claves que configuran a la ética como la ciencia que estudia la conformidad de la acción autocontrolada con el fin último del hombre, a la que puede llamarse con toda propiedad ética pragmaticista.Englished:
The ethical conception of the philosopher and scientist Charles S. Peirce (1839–1914) is an issue that, comparatively, has aroused little interest among scholars of his thought. This research aims to address what is ethical for Peirce, after a thorough analysis of his writings, and show that it is a real interest in ethics, speculative result of a long process, which gives devotes part considerable reflection and having a role in his doctrine of pragmatism. To that end, the ethical conception of Peirce is studied from two joint perspectives. The first is the evolution recorded by his complete works, from his first youthful to mature writings. The second is that configure keys ethics as the science that studies the conformity of the self-controlled action with the ultimate end of man, which can be called with all propriety pragmaticist ethics.
Natural Propositions is about the desirable consequence of Charles Peirce’s conception of propositions; namely, that they are no strangers to a naturalist world-view and thus form natural inhabitants of reality. This is because propositions – in Peirce’s generalization: Dicisigns – do not depend upon human language nor upon human consciousness or intentionality, contrary to most standard assumptions. In addition to a careful consideration of Peirce’s work, the book includes numerous examples of Dicisigns in nature as firefly signaling and vervet monkey alarm calls.
Cet ouvrage est construit en écho avec les célèbres "Mythologies" de Roland Barthes à la différence près que la théorie de référence n'est plus la sémiologie telle que Barthes l'a fomalisée dans ses Eléments de sémiologie et son Système de la mode mais la sémiotique triadique de Charles Sanders Peirce formalisée par l'auteur.
This book is built echoing the famous "Mythologies" by Roland Barthes with the difference that the theory of reference is no longer semiology as Barthes fomalized it in his Elements of Semiology and his System of Fashion but triadic semiotics of Charles Sanders Peirce formalized by the author.
This volume discusses the importance of Peirce´s philosophy and theory of signs to the development of Biosemiotics, the science that studies the deep interrelation between meaning and life. Peirce considered semeiotic as a general logic part of a complex architectonic philosophy that includes mathematics, phenomenology and a theory of reality. The authors are Peirce scholars, biologists, philosophers and semioticians united by an interdisciplinary endeavor to understand the mysteries of the origin of life ands its related phenomena such as consciousness, perception, representation and communication.
Use your imagination! The demand is as important as it is confusing. What is the imagination? What is its value? Where does it come from? And where is it going in a time when even the obscene mseems overdone and passé?
This book takes up these questions and argues for the centrality of imagination in humanmcognition. It traces the development of the imagination in Kant’s critical philosophy (particularly the Critique of Aesthetic Judgment) and claims that the insights of Kantian aesthetic theory, especially concerning the nature of creativity, common sense, and genius, influenced the development of nineteenth-century American philosophy.
The book identifies the central role of the imagination in the philosophy of Peirce, a role often overlooked in analytic treatments of his thought. The final chapters pursue the observation made by Kant and Peirce that imaginative genius is a type of natural gift (ingenium) and must in some way be continuous with the creative force of nature. It makes this final turn by way of contemporary studies of metaphor, embodied cognition, and cognitive neuroscience.Oxford U Press description:
The first sustained discussion of Peirce's concepts of imagination, creativity and abduction since Douglas Anderson's Creativity and the Philosophy of C. S. Peirce (originally published in 1987). Of particular interest to those working at the increasingly important intersection of philosophy and cognitive science.
Nonágono semiótico: Un modelo operativo para la investigación cualitativa nace de la necesidad de su autor de condensar en un libro las investigaciones semióticas que viene desarrollando hace, al menos, tres décadas. [...] El analista, investigador o el estudiante, al avanzar por los lugares lógicas que propone el nonágono semiótico, descubre las vacancias y las relaciones en los diferentes campos del saber.
Del Prólogo de Nidia Maidana.
Semiotic nonagon: An operative model for qualitative investigation is born of its author's need to condense into a book the semiotic investigations that he has been developing for at least three decades. [...] The analyst, researcher, or student, upon advancing through the logical places that the semiotic nonagon proposes, discovers the vacancies and relations in the different fields of knowledge.
From the Prologue by Nidia Maidana.
F. Thomas Burke believes that pragmatism, especially as it has been employed in politics and social action, needs a reassessment. He examines the philosophies of William James and Charles S. Peirce to determine how certain maxims of pragmatism originated. Burke contrasts pragmatism as a certain set of beliefs or actions with pragmatism as simply a methodology. He unravels the complex history of this philosophical tradition and discusses contemporary conceptions of pragmatism found in current US political discourse and explains what this quintessentially American philosophy means today.
El pensamiento del científico y filósofo norteamericano Charles S. Peirce proporciona valiosas pistas para enfrentarse a algunas de las cuestiones más profundas y relevantes de nuestro tiempo. La creatividad, la búsqueda de la verdad, la razonabilidad, la educación, el conocimiento de Dios o el lenguaje adquieren nuevas perspectivas a la luz de su pensamiento. Se recogen en este volumen, fruto de una prolongada colaboración de sus autores, distintos trabajos sobre Peirce que pueden ofrecer una idea bastante ajustada de la naturaleza y del alcance de su obra. Los textos seleccionados proporcionan un acceso fácil y directo a la riqueza y hondura de este pensador tan relevante y tan poco conocido todavía en el mundo de habla española. Este libro complementa así la amplia labor de traducción y difusión del pensamiento de Peirce que desde 1994 ha venido desarrollando el Grupo de Estudios Peirceanos de la Universidad de Navarra, con la convicción de que Charles S. Peirce es realmente un pensador para el siglo XXI.
The thought of American scientist and philosopher Charles S. Peirce provides valuable clues for confronting some of the most profound and important issues of our time. Creativity, the search for truth, reasonableness, education, knowledge of God, and language take on new perspectives in the light of his thought. Collected in this volume, the result of a long collaboration of the authors, are various papers on Peirce that can provide a fairly accurate idea of the nature and scope of his work. The selected texts provide easy and direct access to the richness and depth of this thinker who is so important and yet so little known in the Spanish-speaking world. This book complements well the extensive work of translation and dissemination of Peirce's thought that the Peirce Studies Group at the University of Navarra has been carrying out since 1994, with the conviction that Charles S. Peirce is really a thinker for the 21st Century.
Education, Experience and Existence proposes a new way of understanding education that delves beneath the conflict, confusion and compromise that characterize its long history. At the heart of this new understanding is what John Dewey strove to expound: a coherent theory of experience. Dewey’s reputation as a pragmatist is well known, but where experience is concerned pragmatism is only half the story. The other half is phenomenological, as crafted by Martin Heidegger. Encompassing both is Charles Sanders Peirce, whose philosophy draws pragmatism and phenomenology together in an embrace which enables a truly experiential philosophy to emerge.
The book approaches the problem of confusion in education and philosophy by beginning with our most basic understandings of existence. Existence as an interaction is the starting point of modern science, and existence as individuality offers an aesthetic origin, attending to existence as a simple unity. In our contemporary world where scientific ways of thinking are privileged, the aesthetic whole is often overlooked, especially in education. Yet both are connected. A coherent theory of experience is therefore a marriage between phenomenology and pragmatism, enabling each to maintain its position by acknowledging how both are required.
The book is divided into three main parts:
- confusion in philosophy and education
- a coherent theory of experience
- a coherent theory of education.
Quay suggests that education benefits from such a coherent theory of experience by better comprehending its connection to life. More than just knowing, more than just doing, education is about being. This book will be of interest to philosophers, educators and educational philosophers.
Contemporary culture is as much visual as literary. This book explores an approach to the communicative power of the pictorial and multimodal documents that make up this visual culture, using Peircean semiotics. It develops the enormous theoretical potential of Peirce’s theory of signs (semiotics) and the persuasive strategies in which they are employed (visual rhetoric) in a variety of documents.
Unlike presentations of semiotics that take the written word as the reference value, this book introduces Peircean theory using pictorial signs as its prime examples. The visual is not treated as the ‘poor relation’ of the (written) word. It is therefore possible to isolate more clearly the specific constituent properties of word and image, taking these as the basic material of a wide range of cultural artefacts. It looks at comic strips, conventional photographs, photographic allegory, pictorial metaphor, advertising campaigns and the striking semiotic range exhibited by the category of the ‘poster’. This is essential reading for all students of semiotics, introductory and advanced.
Cheryl Misak presents a history of the great American philosophical tradition of pragmatism, from its inception in the Metaphysical Club of the 1870s to the present day. She identifies two dominant lines of thought in the tradition: the first begins with Charles S. Peirce and Chauncey Wright and continues through to Lewis, Quine, and Sellars; the other begins with William James and continues through to Dewey and Rorty. This ambitious new account identifies the connections between traditional American pragmatism and twentieth-century Anglo-American philosophy, and links pragmatism to major positions in the recent history of philosophy, such as logical empiricism. Misak argues that the most defensible version of pragmatism must be seen and recovered as an important part of the analytic tradition.
Charles Sanders Peirce, the founder of pragmatism, is a hugely important and influential thinker in the history of American philosophy. His philosophical interests were broad and he made significant contributions in several different areas of thought. Moreover, his contributions are intimately connected and his philosophy designed to form a coherent and systematic whole. Peirce: A Guide for the Perplexed is a clear and thorough account of Peirce's life and thought, his major works and ideas, providing an ideal guide to this important and complex thinker. The book introduces all the key concepts and themes in Peirce's thought, exploring his contributions to mathematics, logic, pragmatism, truth, philosophy of science, semiotics and metaphysics and demonstrating how his ideas developed into a coherent system of thought. Geared towards the specific requirements of students who need to reach a sound understanding of Peirce's ideas, the book serves as a clear and concise introduction to his philosophy. This is the ideal companion to study of this most influential and challenging of thinkers.
The topic of this book is the historical struggle to define and defend a realnumber continuum which could do the work limit theory required of it. These definitions drew heavily on philosophical and foundational assumptions, and each raises numerous philosophical questions of its own. As we shall see, attempts to formulate a non-geometrical mathematical continuity raise questions such as: What is a number? What, in particular, is a real number? What is the true nature of continuity itself? Does a philosophically coherent definition of continuity logically commit us to infinitesimally small quantities? Is the concept of an infinitesimally small quantity even logically coherent? What is the relationship between this real number continuum and other well known continua, such as the geometrical straight line? The main question to be addressed, of course, is whether mathematical continuity exists at all.
Peirce’s logic of continuity is explored from a double perspective: (i) Peirce’s original understanding of the continuum, alternative to Cantor’s analytical Real line, (ii) Peirce’s original construction of a topological logic – the existential graphs – alternative to the algebraic presentation of propositional and first-order calculi. Peirce’s general architectonics, oriented to back-and-forth hierarchical crossings between the global and the local, is reflected with great care both in the continuum and the existential graphs.
Christopher Hookway presents a series of essays on the philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1913), the "founder of pragmatism" and one of the most important and original American philosophers. Peirce made significant contributions to the development of formal logic and to the study of the normative standards we should follow in carrying out inquiries and enhancing our knowledge in science and mathematics. In The Pragmatic Maxim, Hookway explores Peirce's writings on truth, science, and the nature of meaning, which have become steadily more influential over recent decades. He demonstrates how Peirce's ideas can contribute to and inform philosophical understanding in debates that continue today.
The first seven chapters explore the framework of Peirce's thought, especially his fallibilism and his rejection of scepticism, and his contributions to the pragmatist understanding of truth and reality. Like Frege and Husserl, among others, Peirce rejected psychologism and used phenomenological foundations to defend the system of categories. The final three chapters are concerned with 'the pragmatic maxim', a rule for clarifying the contents of concepts and ideas. Hookway explores the different strategies Peirce employed to demonstrate the correctness of the maxim, and thus of pragmatism. As well as studying and evaluating Peirce's views, The Pragmatic Maxim discusses the relations between the views of Peirce and other pragmatist philosophers such as William James, C. I. Lewis, and Richard Rorty.
In 1881 the American philosopher Charles S. Peirce published a remarkable paper in The American Journal of Mathematics called "On the Logic of Number." Peirce’s paper marked a watershed in nineteenth century mathematics, providing the first successful axiom system for the natural numbers. Awareness that Peirce’s axiom system exists has been gradually increasing but the conventional wisdom among mathematicians is still that the first satisfactory axiom systems were those of Dedekind and Peano. The book analyzes Peirce’s paper in depth, placing it in the context of contemporary work, and provides a proof of the equivalence of the Peirce and Dedekind axioms for the natural numbers.
It is not generally known that Peirce’s 1881 paper provided the first abstract formulation of the notions of partial and total linear order, that it introduced recursive definitions for arithmetical operations, nor that it proposed the first general definition of cardinal numbers in terms of ordinals. [....] Perhaps the most characteristic aspect of Peirce’s approach is that he did not conceive mathematics to require any sort of epistemological foundation, whether in logic, intuition, or by means of constructive completeness proofs.
This volume presents a series of essays which investigate the nature of intellectual inquiry: what its aims are and how it operates. The starting-point is the work of the American Pragmatists C. S. Peirce and John Dewey. Inquiry according to Peirce is a struggle to replace doubt by true belief. Dewey insisted that the transformation was from an indeterminate situation to a determinate or non-problematic one. So Isaac Levi's subject is changes in doxastic commitments, which may involve changes in attitudes or changes in situations in which attitudes are entangled. The question what justifies modification of doxastic commitments is a normative one, and so may not be understandable in purely naturalistic terms.
Isaac Levi is John Dewey Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University. He is the author of many journal articles and reviews, and his books include The Covenant of Reason: Rationality and the Commitments of Thought, and For the Sake of the Argument: Ramsey Test Conditionals, Inductive Inference and Nonmonotonic Reasoning.
The book begins with a discussion of Benjamin Peirce’s linear associative algebra and then considers this and other early influences on the logic of is son, C. S. Peirce. A discussion of the early algebraic logicians such as Boole, Jevons and De Morgan follows, culminating in a detailed analysis of C. S. Peirce’s seminal paper “Description of a Notation for the Logic of Relatives.” His further developments of the 1880s, including quantificational logic are also traced. At the end of his life, Peirce looked to his graphical logic system – the existential graphs – to provide the logic of the future.
This volume explores the three normative sciences that Peirce distinguished (aesthetics, ethics, and logic) and their relation to phenomenology and metaphysics. The essays approach this topic from a variety of angles, ranging from questions concerning the normativity of logic to an application of Peirce’s semiotics to John Coltrane’s “A Love Supreme.”
A recurrent question throughout is whether a moral theory can be grounded in Peirce’s work, despite his rather vehement denial that this can be done. Some essays ask whether a dichotomy exists between theoretical and practical ethics. Other essays show that Peirce’s philosophy embraces meliorism, examine the role played by self-control, seek to ground communication theory in Peirce’s speculative rhetoric, or examine the normative aspect of the notion of truth.
In On the Origin of Ideas various forms of abduction are analyzed as means of conceptualizing processes of discovery. Abductive detective methodology is developed further by emphasizing strategic and processual outlooks, that is, different kinds of processes which both constrain and instigate the search for new ideas. The author proposes that there is a logic in the processes of discovery, although its basis is a weak form of inference, namely, abduction. Abduction was originally presented by C. S. Peirce as a third main mode of inference besides deduction and induction. It is closely related to many kinds of cognitive processes besides reasoning, such as instinct, perception, problem solving and distributed cognition. A distinction between “Harmanian abduction,” that is, the Inference to the Best Explanation model, and “Hansonian abduction” as conceptualizing processes of discovery, is made. Critical trends in philosophy of science regarding abduction and discovery are also presented, and a short history of abduction is outlined, both with Peirce’s own formulations and later developments. The book is an revised and enlarged version of a dissertation published at 2006.
The science of intelligence has created a plethora of theories and measurements, which have various applications of both computational, social, and managerial significance.
Relational Thinking Styles and Natural Intelligence: Assessing Inference Patterns for Computational Modeling explores a specific set of intelligence theories, unifying and quantifying to create a verifiable model of various inferencing habits. Relational Thinking Styles suggests that the inferencing patterns described and demonstrated by this model may provide a platform from which to examine and integrate various aspects of natural intelligence and how these are expressed. This research provides valuable information for businesses, social services, and any decision-making process involving intelligence assessment.
Pragmatism is rooted in the linking of practice and theory. It describes a process where theory is extracted from practice, and applied back to practice to form what is called intelligent practice. Pragmatism was intended, by Charles S. Peirce, its founder, as a doctrine for the rational substantiation of knowledge claims. For Peirce, what mattered was successful prediction and control. Practice was to serve as the arbiter of theory. Objective efficacy, not personal satisfaction, is what matters for fixing opinion in a community of rational inquirers.
According to Nicholas Rescher, later pragmatists saw the matter differently. They envisioned subjective satisfactions, rather than objectively determinable functional effectiveness, as being the aim of the enterprise. Rescher notes that William James, in particular, had an agenda different from that of Peirce.
The two pragmatisms are complete opposites, Rescher argues, in terms of claims and intentions. James’s soft pragmatism abandons the classical idea of inquiry as the paramount of truth; it believes that truth is an illusion, an unrealizable figment of the imagination. By contrast, Peirce’s hard pragmatism believes that the classic idea of truth remains valid. Rescher seeks to examine and explore pragmatism dialectically, with a conviction that brings pragmatism to life for specialist and generalist alike.
In this book, John W. Woell shows us how contemporary readings of American Pragmatism founded on mistakenly used categories of the Analytic tradition have led to misreadings of Peirce and James. By focusing on terms drawn largely from Descartes and Kant, contemporary debates between metaphysical realists, antirealists, Realists and Nonrealists, have, argues Woell, failed to shed great light on pragmatism in general and a pragmatic philosophy of religion in particular.
Woell contends that paying close attention to the internal relationships among inquiry, belief, and their objects in the respective works of Peirce and James provides a means for fully appreciating pragmatism’s richness as a resource for philosophy of religion. By taking account of a pragmatic point of view in philosophy of religion, this book incites a more productive discussion of the metaphysical status of religious objects and of the epistemic status of religious belief.
Pragmatism: An Introduction provides an account of the arguments of the central figures of the most important philosophical tradition in the American history of ideas, pragmatism. This wide-ranging and accessible study explores the work of the classical pragmatists Charles Sanders Peirce, William James and John Dewey, as well as more recent philosophers including Richard Rorty, Richard J. Bernstein, Cheryl Misak, and Robert B. Brandom.
Michael Bacon examines how pragmatists argue for the importance of connecting philosophy to practice. In so doing, they set themselves in opposition to many of the presumptions that have dominated philosophy since Descartes. The book demonstrates how pragmatists reject the Cartesian spectator theory of knowledge, in which the mind is viewed as seeking accurately to represent items in the world, and replace it with an understanding of truth and knowledge in terms of the roles they play within our social practices.
The book explores the diverse range of positions that have engendered marked and sometimes acrimonious disputes amongst pragmatists. Bacon identifies the themes underlying these differences, revealing a greater commonality than many commentators have recognized. The result is an illuminating narrative of a rich philosophical movement that will be of interest to students in philosophy, political theory, and the history of ideas.
"I do not think I ever reflect in words: I employ visual diagrams [...]" Diese Selbstbeschreibung von Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) bildet den Ausgangspunkt für eine neue Sicht auf das Denken des amerikanischen Naturwissenschaftlers, Philosophen und Begründers des Pragmatismus und der Semiotik. Peirce war ein obsessiver Zeichner. Neben einer graphischen Logik entwickelte er eine zeichnerische Praxis, die untrennbar mit seinem Denken verwoben war, in ihrer philosophischen Relevanz aber bislang übersehen wurde. Der Band versammelt konkrete Fallstudien zu zahlreichen hier erstmals publizierten Zeichnungen von Peirce. Auf der Basis dieses Materials fragt er nach der allgemeinen Bedeutung dessen, was es heißt, in Bildern zu denken.
Mit Beiträgen von John Michael Krois, Helmut Pape, Sun-Joo Shin, Frederik Stjernfelt u.a.
"I do not think I ever reflect in words: I employ visual diagrams [...]" This self-description of Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) is the starting point for a new perspective on the thinking of the American natural scientist, philosopher and founder of pragmatism and semiotics. Peirce was an obsessive artist. In addition to a graphical logic he developed a drawing practice, which was inseparable from his thinking was in its philosophical relevance but overlooked until now. The volume presents specific case studies of many published here for the first time drawings of Peirce. On the basis of this material, he asks about the general meaning of what it means to think in pictures.
With contributions by John Michael Krois, Helmut Pape, Sun-Joo Shin, Frederik Stjernfelt etc.
The essays in this book have grown out of conversations between the authors—and their colleagues and students—over the past decade and a half. Their germinal question concerned the ways in which Charles Sanders Peirce was and was not both an idealist and a realist. The dialogue began as an exploration of Peirce's explicit uses of these ideas and then turned to consider the way in which answers to the initial question shed light on other dimensions of Peirce's architectonic.
The essays explore the nature of semiotic interpretation, perception, and inquiry. Moreover, considering the roles of idealism and realism in Peirce's thought led to considerations of Peirce's place in the historical development of pragmatism. The authors find his realism turning sharply against the nominalistic conceptions of science endorsed both explicitly and implicitly by his nonpragmatist contemporaries. And they find his version of pragmatism holding a middle ground between the thought of John Dewey and that of Josiah Royce. The essays aims to invite others to consider the import of these central themes of Peircean thought.
Nature's Primal Self examines Corrington’s thought, called "ecstatic naturalism," in juxtaposition to both C. S. Peirce's pragmatic and semiotic concept of the self and Karl Jaspers' existential elucidation of Existenz. Peirce's and Jaspers' anthropocentrism is thus corrected by Corrington's ecstatic naturalism. Ecstatic naturalism, as a new movement, is both a semiotic theoretical method and a metaphysics that probes deeply into the ontological divide between nature naturing and nature natured. Author Nam T. Nguyen attempts to achieve three goals: first, to present and elucidate the underlying philosophical concepts of Charles Peirce, Karl Jaspers, and Robert Corrington; second, to critique the anthropocentric self of Peirce's semiotic pragmatism and of Jaspers' existential anthropology (periechontology) from the standpoint of ecstatic naturalism; and third, to introduce the concept of nature's primal self, radically grounded in the perspective of ecstatic naturalism, as a judicious, more encompassing, and richer framework compared to Peirce’s semiotic construction of the self and Jaspers' existential concept of Existenz.
Il volume raccoglie per la prima volta le lettere più significative della corrispondenza tra i fondatori del pragmatismo, Charles S. Peirce e William James, le cui personalità intellettuali sono annoverate tra le più interessanti del pensiero occidentale. Coprendo un arco temporale di oltre trent’anni e toccando questioni che vanno dal significato e dall’utilità del pragmatismo fino alla fondazione della semiotica, alla natura della coscienza e alla metafisica, il carteggio rappresenta un importante punto di riferimento per la valutazione della nascita e dello sviluppo della filosofia americana tra la seconda metà dell’800 e la prima guerra mondiale, nonché per la ricostruzione dell’impatto della filosofia pragmatista sul pensiero contemporaneo..
The book brings together for the first time the letters most significant correspondence between the founder of pragmatism, Charles S. Peirce and William James, whose intellectual personalities are among the most interesting of Western thought. Covering a period of over thirty years and touching issues ranging from the meaning and utility of pragmatism to the founding of semiotics, the nature of consciousness and metaphysics, the correspondence is an important point of reference for the evaluation of birth and the development of American philosophy in the second half of the 800 and the First World War, as well as for the reconstruction of the impact of pragmatist philosophy on contemporary thought.
Humans have an extraordinary capability to combine different types of information in a single meaningful interpretation. The quickness with which interpretation processes evolve suggests the existence of a uniform procedure for all domains. In this book the authors suggest that such a procedure can be found. They concentrate on the introduction of a theory of interpretation, and they define a model that enables a meaningful representation of knowledge, based on a dynamic view of information and a cognitive model of human information processing.
The book consists of three parts. The first part focuses on the properties of signs and sign interpretation; in the second part the authors introduce a model that complies with the conditions for sign processing set by the first part; and in the third part they examine applications of their model in the domain of logic, natural language, reasoning and mathematics. Finally they show how these domains pop up as perspectives in an overall model of knowledge representation.
The reader is assumed to have some interest in human information processing and knowledge modeling. Natural language is considered in the obvious sense, familiarity with linguistic theories is not required. Sign theoretical concepts are restricted to a manageable subset, which is introduced gently. Finally, some familiarity with basic concepts of propositional and syllogistic logic may be useful.
Charles Peirce, the founder of pragmatism, was a thinker of extraordinary depth and range – he wrote on philosophy, mathematics, psychology, physics, logic, phenomenology, semiotics, religion and ethics – but his writings are difficult and fragmentary. This book provides a clear and comprehensive explanation of Peirce's thought. His philosophy is presented as a systematic response to 'nominalism', the philosophy which he most despised and which he regarded as the underpinning of the dominant philosophical worldview of his time. The book explains Peirce's challenge to nominalism as a theory of meaning and shows its implications for his views of knowledge, truth, the nature of reality, and ethics. It will be essential reading both for Peirce scholars and for those new to his work.
Charles S. Peirce's Self-Corrective Thesis (SCT) is based on the idea that the progress in science lies in its self-corrective methods. Particularly, Peirce's notion that scientific method consisted of four self-corrective inferences (abduction, deduction, qualitative and quantitative induction) is controversial in the philosophy and history of science. Supporters hold that all the aspects of scientific inference, introduced by Peirce, contribute to its self-correction, while critics claim that the justification for the self-corrective character of scientific method is inadequate. Some critics argue that the justification for the self-corrective character of abduction is insufficient, while others maintain that from all four methods only quantitative induction is proved to be self-corrective. In this project the author explores Peirce's proposed scientific methodology and discusses it in comparison with these objections, so as to defend the SCT and distinguish the context of its validity. He appeals to the historical case of the Chemical Revolution and discusses its interpretations by different methodological views in order to evaluate the SCT.
The Pragmatism Reader is the essential anthology of this important philosophical movement. Each selection featured here is a key writing by a leading pragmatist thinker, and represents a distinctively pragmatist approach to a core philosophical problem. The collection includes work by pragmatism's founders, Charles Peirce, William James, and John Dewey, as well as seminal writings by mid-twentieth-century pragmatists such as Sidney Hook, C. I. Lewis, Nelson Goodman, Rudolf Carnap, Wilfrid Sellars, and W.V.O. Quine. This reader also includes the most important work in contemporary pragmatism by philosophers like Susan Haack, Cornel West, Hilary Putnam, Richard Rorty, Cheryl Misak, and Robert Brandom. Each selection is a stand-alone piece--not an excerpt or book chapter--and each is presented fully unabridged.
The Pragmatism Reader challenges the notion that pragmatism fell into a midcentury decline and was dormant until the advent of "neopragmatism" in the 1980s. This comprehensive anthology reveals a rich and highly influential tradition running unbroken through twentieth-century philosophy and continuing today. It shows how American pragmatist philosophers have contributed to leading philosophical debates about truth, meaning, knowledge, experience, belief, existence, justification, and freedom.
In this enlightening and original study on the cultivation of a religious understanding of nature, Leon Niemoczynski applies Charles Sanders Peirce's thought on metaphysics to 'ecstatic naturalism,' the philosophical perspective developed by Robert Corrington. Niemoczynski points to Peirce's phenomenological and metaphysical understanding of possibility - the concept of 'Firstness' - as especially critical to understanding how the divine might be meaningfully encountered in religious experience. He goes on to define his own concept of speculative naturalism, offering a new approach to thinking about nature that joins the essence of pragmatism with the heretical boldness of speculative thought.
Leon J. Niemoczynski is a lecturer in philosophy at Immaculata University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Diagrammatology investigates the role of diagrams for thought and knowledge. Based on the general doctrine of diagrams in Charles Peirce's mature work, Diagrammatology claims diagrams to constitute a centerpiece of epistemology. The book reflects Peirce's work on the issue in Husserl's contemporanous doctrine of "categorial intuition" and charts the many unnoticed similarities between Peircean semiotics and early Husserlian phenomenology. Diagrams, on a Peircean account, allow for observation and experimentation with ideal structures and objects and thus furnish the access to the synthetic a priori of the regional and formal ontology of the Husserlian tradition.
The second part of the book focusses on three regional branches of semiotics: biosemiotics, picture analysis, and the theory of literature. Based on diagrammatology, these domains appear as accessible for a diagrammatological approach which leaves the traditional relativism and culturalism of semiotics behind and hence constitutes a realist semiotics
This is a collection of new essays on Charles Sanders Peirce's philosophy of mathematics. Peirce is widely regarded as one of the greatest philosophers America has yet produced. The inventor of pragmatism, Peirce is also a seminal figure in the development of modern logic, famed for his discovery (independently of Frege) of the quantifier, and for his pioneering work on the logic of relations. His searching investigations in the “logic of science” have profoundly influenced subsequent work in epistemology and the philosophy of science, and his semiotics (theory of signs) has had a similar impact on the philosophy of language, and also on linguistics and literary theory. Peirce's philosophy of mathematics, by contrast, has received relatively little attention, despite its centrality to his thought, and the depth of his insights into the perennial problems of the subject.
Peirce’s mathematical philosophy is of interest both to Peirce scholars and to philosophers of mathematics. In this volume, eleven philosophers look afresh at this neglected but vital dimension of Peirce’s thought. The essays are wide-ranging in their coverage, with in-depth discussions of such topics as: Peirce’s mathematical ontology; his account of mathematical objectivity; pragmaticism as a philosophy of mathematics, in comparison with the standard approaches to the subject; imagination and hypothesis-making in mathematics; Peircean semiotics and mathematical practice; the place of mathematics in Peirce’s general theory of inquiry; Peirce’s theory of the continuum, reconstructed in terms of category theory and in terms of the “absolute arithmetic continuum”; Peirce’s mathematical and philosophical analyses of topology; his reading and interpretation of Cantor’s set-theoretic writings.
Peirce was truly a mathematical philosopher. He was himself a first-rate mathematician, the most gifted son of Benjamin Peirce, the foremost American mathematician of the time; he often made his philosophical points by means of mathematical arguments and examples; and he believed that philosophy must begin with logic, which rests in turn upon mathematics. Moreover, many of his central concepts—most notably that of continuity—are as much mathematical as they are philosophical. For all of these reasons we cannot fully understand Peirce's philosophy unless we come to grips with the mathematical dimensions of his thought.
Peirce was also an original and important philosopher of mathematics. He was, along with Frege and Hilbert among others, one of the founders of the fields of mathematical logic and foundations of mathematics. His philosophy, like Frege’s and Hilbert’s, grew out of and was informed by his experience as a professional scientist. Unlike Frege and Hilbert, Peirce saw as his primary task the development of a comprehensive metaphysical and epistemological system. He offers distinctive solutions, within the context of that system, to the main problems in the metaphysics and epistemology of mathematics. Peirce's theory of diagrammatic reasoning, formalized in his innovative system of Existential Graphs, provides a persuasive account of how we acquire mathematical knowledge. His distinction between theorematic and corollarial reasoning, a by-product of his theory of diagrammatic reasoning, bears directly on vexed questions about computability and incompleteness, and about the informal character of mathematical knowledge. On the metaphysical side, Peirce offers a sophisticated and nuanced account of the objects of mathematics, such as numbers and sets.
Interazione e inferenza si inquadra nel campo della filosofia della scienza e dell’epistemologia scientifica. Il lavoro mira a proporre un’immagine della scienza, soprattutto fisica, che sia aderente alla sua pratica effettiva (tanto nella dimensione storica, quanto in quella attuale) e che si dimostri in armonia con gli sviluppi più recenti dell’epistemologia scientifica, recuperando al contempo alcune istanze feconde del pensiero di Ch. S. Peirce. Come il titolo suggerisce, il lavoro si incentra su alcune caratteristiche ritenute fondamentali del lavoro scientifico sia empirico (caratterizzato dall’interazione con il mondo naturale) sia teorico (caratterizzato dal lavoro inferenziale che si articola, secondo Peirce, in momenti abduttivi, deduttivi ed induttivi).
Il lavoro mira a proporre, come suo risultato principale, una nozione di verità, “verità interazionista”, che sembra particolarmente adatta all’immagine della scienza che viene costruita nel corso dei capitoli. A tal fine, sono centrali tanto l’analisi dell’attività sperimentale tipica della scienza fisica (e il carattere intrinsecamente epistemologico dell’esperimento) quanto l’importanza dell’inferenza abduttiva (nodo cruciale della filosofia peirceiana). La nozione di verita interazionista permette di mantenere un atteggiamento moderatamente ma fondamentalmente realistico nei confronti della fisica, pur tenendo fermo il carattere fallibile che deve esserle attribuito. Si rivela pertanto utile al tentativo di superare la diatriba tra realismo e strumentalismo.
Ivan Colagè ha studiato presso la Pontificia Università Gregoriana sin dal 1998, conseguendo prima il Baccalaureato e poi la Licenza in Filosofia. Ha quindi condotto i suoi studi di dottorato presso la Specializzazione Scienza e Filosofia della Facoltà, sotto la guida del dott. Gennaro Auletta. Dal 2008 è stato anche segretario della Specializzazione Scienza e Filosofia.
Interaction and inference is framed in the field of philosophy of science and epistemology of science. The work aims to propose an image of science, especially physics, which adheres to its actual practice (both in the historical dimension, as in the current one) and it is proved in harmony with the latest developments in scientific epistemology, recovering to while certain instances of fruitful thought of C. S. Peirce. As the title suggests, the work focuses on some of the characteristics considered fundamental scientific and empirical work (characterized by the interaction with the natural world) and theoretical (characterized by inferential work is divided, according to Peirce, in moments abductive, deductive and inductive).
The work aims to propose, as its main result, a notion of truth, "interactionist truth", which seems particularly suited to the image of science that is built over the course of the chapters. To this end, are central to both the analysis of typical experimental physical science (and the inherently epistemological experiment) as the importance of abductive inference (crux of Peirce's philosophy). The notion of interactionist truth allows you to maintain a moderately but basically realistic attitude towards physics, while holding the fallible character that has to be attributed to it. It proves useful, therefore, to attempt to overcome the debate between realism and instrumentalism.
Ivan Colagè studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University since 1998, earning a Bachelor's degree first and then a Licentiate in Philosophy. He then conducted his doctoral studies at the Faculty of Philosophy and Science degree under the guidance of Dr. Gennaro Auletta. From 2008 he was also secretary of the Science and Philosophy degree.
"Evolutionary Love" cultminates a series of articles in which Peirce breaks definitively (or perhaps one should say, explicitly) with the philosophical orthodoxy of the time and place in which he lived, and largely seals his both professional and intellectual isolation. In it he proposes an ambitious speculative perspective in which he reviews the key ideas of Darwinian evolution to give them a turn where "love" (although certainly in a special definition thereof) becomes its main engine.
The present book collects the main texts that mark the progressive approach of the scientist Peirce to the key ideas of our religious tradition and his attempt to integrate them into his pragmatic philosophy. We discover thus an original (and largely still unexplored) look at that which Peirce himself calls "the marriage of science and religion."
The translation and editing is done by Sara Barrena, coordinator of Peirce Studies Group at the University of Navarra, one of the leading centers in the study of the work and thought of Peirce.
Read the review [PDF] in La Torre del Virrey. [by J. Santiago Pons Doménech in The Viceroy's Tower, Google-Englished].
The philosophy of mathematics plays a vital role in the mature philosophy of Charles S. Peirce. Peirce received rigorous mathematical training from his father and his philosophy carries on in decidedly mathematical and symbolic veins. For Peirce, math was a philosophical tool and many of his most productive ideas rest firmly on the foundation of mathematical principles. This volume collects Peirce’s most important writings on the subject, many appearing in print for the first time. Peirce’s determination to understand matter, the cosmos, and “the grand design” of the universe remain relevant for contemporary students of science, technology, and symbolic logic.
How can sincere, well-meaning people unintentionally perpetuate discrimination based on race, sex, sexuality, or other sociopolitical factors? To address this question, Lara Trout engages a neglected dimension of Charles S. Peirce’s philosophy—human embodiment—in order to highlight the compatibility between Peirce’s ideas and contemporary work in social criticism focusing on feminism and race theory. Trout explains unintentional discrimination by using the work of the contemporary neuroscientist Antonio Damasio to situate Peircean affectivity within a post-Darwinian context. Because children are vulnerable, naïve, and dependent upon their caretakers for survival, they must trust their caretakers’ testimony about reality. This dependency, coupled with societal norms that reinforce historically dominant perspectives, fosters the internalization of discriminatory habits, which then function nonconsciously in adulthood.
The Politics of Survival brings Peirce and social criticism into conversation. Trout uses this dialogue to show how the blind spots of nonconscious discrimination are possible and to highlight a Peircean network of communally situated remedies, including agapic love, critical common-sensism, scientific method, and self-control.
Esta monografía presenta por vez primera en el espectro internacional una reflexión crítica sobre los gráficos existenciales peirceanos. Considerados por Peirce como su "obra maestra", los gráficos reflejan toda su arquitectónica pragmática e introducen, de manera sumamente original, reglas uniformes para entender el tránsito entre lógicas tan diversas como el cálculo proposicional, la lógica de primer orden y las lógicas modales. El fondo semántico de las reglas se aborda aquí desde áreas centrales de la matemática: teoría de categorías, topología, variable compleja. La horosis (estudio de los bordes del saber) adquiere en los gráficos peirceanos una muy variada riqueza, matemática, filosófica, lógica, semiótica y sistémica.
This paper presents for the first time in the international range a critical reflection on Peirce's existential graphs. Considered by Peirce as his "chef d'oeuvre" [masterpiece], the graphs reflect all his pragmatic architectonic and introduce, in a highly original manner, uniform rules for understanding the transition between logics as diverse as the propositional calculus, first-order logic, and modal logics. The semantic basis of the rules is addressed here from central areas of mathematics: category theory, topology, complex variables. Horosis (study of the borders of knowledge) acquires in Peircean graphs a varied wealth, mathematical, philosophical, logical, semiotical, and systemic.
La lectura de algunos textos claves de Charles S. Peirce seleccionados con fina atención le sirven a la autora para mostrar la relación entre representación e interpretación. Luego de comprender el complejo pensamiento de Peirce en los dos primeros capítulos, conduce a los lectores, a la lógica de la abducción. La autora descubre vasos comunicantes entre la lógica de Peirce y la hermenéutica de autores como Paul Ricoeur, que bien conoce. La abducción de Peirce puede entenderse en términos hermenéuticos como método de interpretación. Así que los lectores de este cuidadoso y hasta fácil texto por la destreza para presentárlo tienen ante sí un estudio hecho desde un filósofo insigne de este tiempo que su autora supo dilucidar y evaluar para presentar su tesis sobre la importancia de la representación como relación triádica no sólo para las artes sino para todos los estudios humanos. Y en esto su originalidad.
|Reading some key texts of Charles S. Peirce selected with fine attention to serve the author to show the relationship between representation and interpretation. After understanding the complex thought of Peirce in the first two chapters, leads readers to the logic of abduction. The author discovers communicating vessels between Peirce's logic and hermeneutics of authors like Paul Ricoeur, that well known. Peirce's abduction can be understood in hermeneutical terms as a method of interpretation. So readers of this thorough and even easy text with the ability to present face a study done from a famous philosopher of this time that the author knew elucidate and evaluate to present his thesis on the importance of representation as a triadic relationship not only for the arts but for all human studies. And in this his originalidad.|
Volume 8 of this landmark edition follows Peirce from May 1890 through July 1892—a period of turmoil as his career unraveled at the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. The loss of his principal source of income meant the beginning of permanent penury and a lifelong struggle to find gainful employment. His key achievement during these years is his celebrated Monist metaphysical project, which consists of five classic articles on evolutionary cosmology. Also included are reviews and essays from The Nation in which Peirce critiques Paul Carus, William James, Auguste Comte, Cesare Lombroso, and Karl Pearson, and takes part in a famous dispute between Francis E. Abbot and Josiah Royce. Peirce's short philosophical essays, studies in non-Euclidean geometry and number theory, and his only known experiment in prose fiction complete his production during these years.
Peirce's 1883-1909 contributions to the Century Dictionary form the content of volume 7 which is forthcoming.
Charles S. Peirce, the founder of pragmatism, was also the architect of a remarkable theory of signs that continues to puzzle and inspire philosophers today. In this important new book, Mats Bergman articulates a bold new approach to Peirce’s semeiotic through a reassessment of the role of rhetoric in his work. This systematic approach, which is offered as an alternative to formalistic accounts of Peirce’s project, shows how general sign-theoretical conceptions can plausibly be interpreted as abstractions from everyday communicative experiences and practices. Building on this fallible ground of rhetoric-in-use, Bergman explicates Peirce’s semeiotic in a way that is conducive to the development of rhetorical inquiry and philosophical criticism. Following this path, the underpinnings of a uniquely Peircean philosophy of communication is unearthed – a pragmatic conception encased in a normative rhetoric, motivated by the continual need to transform and improve our habits of action.
Las obras teóricas de Charles Sanders Peirce y Jacques Lacan han convocado abordajes y reflexiones sumamente heterogéneos a través del tiempo y de las disciplinas científicas y filosóficas. En alguna medida, el carácter disruptivo y profundamente excepcional que caracteriza a ambos pensadores parece autorizar lecturas diversas y reelaboraciones permanentes. Este libro invita a un recorrido por algunos de los problemas filosóficos trazados por ellos, a partir de preguntas vigentes en el campo de las ciencias sociales y más específicamente de la comunicación.
La pregunta por el talante de los procesos de producción de sentido constituye el punto de partida que se extiende a lo largo del libro hacia territorios de lo universal y lo particular, la objetividad y la subjetividad, lo ideológico y la realidad. El horizonte general en el que esta obra se inscribe supone una concepción de la relación del hombre con el mundo organizada sobre una distancia infinita que se manifiesta, en el plano semiótico, como la imposibilidad de una representación inmediata y plena del objeto por el signo, y en el terreno subjetivo, en términos de su dependencia respecto de lo significante.
The theoretical works of Charles Sanders Peirce and Jacques Lacan have called up highly heterogeneous approaches and reflections across time and scientific and philosophical disciplines. To some extent, the disruptive and deeply exceptional nature that characterizes both thinkers seem to allow different readings and permanent reworkings. This book invites you to a tour of some of the philosophical problems outlined by them, based on current questions in the field of social sciences and more specifically of communication.
The question of the mood [disposition, frame of mind] of the production processes of meaning is the starting point that extends throughout the book to territories of the universal and the particular, objectivity and subjectivity, ideology and reality. The general horizon in which this work is part involves a conception of man's relationship with the world organized on an infinite distance that is, in the semiotic level, the impossibility of an immediate and full representation of the object by the sign, and in the subjective field, in terms of their dependence on the signifier.
Vicissitudes of life founder of pragmatism and semiotics, the famous American naturalist, philosopher and linguist Charles Sanders Peirce could well be the subject of a Hollywood biopic. However, his theoretical writings on astronomy, geodesy, chemistry, logic, mathematical statistics and the history of science rightfully occupy a central place in the intellectual history of the United States the second half of XIX - early XX centuries. This edition is the first Russian-language biography of Peirce, largely based on archive materials Houghton Library at Harvard and the Library of Max Fisch at Indiana University. The book contains a number of theoretical fragments of manuscripts and personal correspondence, not included in any of the well-known author of published studies.
About a decade ago, an antagonistic debate on the 'science war' arose on both sides of the Atlantic. At issue was how far the social sciences could intervene in disentangling the practice of science. The debate has now calmed down, but has by no means been solved. As a continuation of the antagonism that once haunted the advocates of Karl Popper against those of Thomas Kuhn, versions of this animated debate are likely to arise again. In this light, the theory of inquiry once launched by Charles S. Peirce may prove valuable. Despite early efforts by, amongst others, Karl-Otto Apel and Jürgen Habermas, Peirce's theory of inquiry remains largely unknown in the social sciences. It is the aim of this publication - the bulk of which was written long ago as a doctoral thesis - to place Peirce's theory of inquiry in the centre of social science theory.
By the 1950s, when biologists who studied genes had not yet perceived them as informational structures, information theory was an engineering tool for designing telecommunication channels with no place for a concept of signification, and semiotics dealt exclusively with cultural symbol systems, not investigating the basic forms of semiosis, or sign action in living nature. Today – after progress in molecular biology, biological theory and a naturalist and universalist turn in general semiotics – researchers are beginning to realize that genes, information and semiosis can no longer be understood in isolation.
This insight derives in part from a new crossdisciplinary field: Biosemiotics is a growing field that investigates semiotic processes in the living realm, addressing meaning, signification, communication, and habit formation in living systems, as well as the physicochemical conditions for sign action and interpretation. Areas such as molecular biology, cognitive ethology, cognitive science, robotics, and neurobiology deal with information processes at various levels and, thus, provide knowledge about biosemiosis, or sign action in living systems. Contemporary biosemiotics is working to integrate these findings, so as to build a richer foundation for biology.
This essay contributes to clarify the “information talk” in genetics, molecular and systems biology by building a specific conceptual model of basic life processes at the molecular level, such as protein synthesis. This model is consistent with the best scientific understanding and yet non-reductionist, integrating notions of signs, molecules, and natural interpretation in the tradition of the general semiotics, or the sign theory of Charles Sanders Peirce. It offers a new solution to how to understand and define “gene” in biology, and it develops a profound proposal for another concept of information that does not reduce information to digital bits of computation, but sees it as closely related to natural forms and processes, as the ones known from living organisms.
Readers not familiar with molecular biology or semiotics are provided with brief introductions to basic concepts. Semiotic scholars and life scientists will be shaken in their basic beliefs in the anthropic nature of signs and the substantial nature of genes. No scientific revolutions are offered, simply a set of deeper insights into an exciting, new interdisciplinary perspective upon life and signs.
Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) è il fondatore del pragmatismo americano. La sua geniale opera di scienziato e di filosofo è stata a lungo ignorata a causa delle vicende biografiche che gli impedirono in vita pubblicazioni sistematiche.
In questo volume si ricostruisce l’intero arco dell’epistemologia peirceana: il rapporto tra segni e oggetto, la formulazione abduttiva delle ipotesi, la concezione dell’estetica e dell’etica, il ruolo dell’assenso e, infine, la peculiare relazione tra matematica e metafisica.
All’attenta sintesi filologica si unisce una preoccupazione metodologica: leggere Peirce a confronto con l’epistemologia contemporanea per vedere se il suo pragmatismo possa offrire suggerimenti validi per alcuni problemi filosofici attuali.
In particolare, la presente lettura dell’autore americano invita a una riformulazione della vecchia dicotomia sintetico-analitico e a una riapertura, in termini molto diversi, del discorso metafisico.
La prefazione di André de Tienne, direttore del Peirce Edition Project, spiega che “la tesi finale di Maddalena consiste nel trasformare un metodo per leggere Peirce in una lettura del metodo di Peirce”.
Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) was the founder of American pragmatism. His brilliant work of scientist and philosopher has long been ignored because of the biographical events that prevented his systematic publications during his life.
In this volume is reconstructed the entire arc of Peircean epistemology: the relationship between signs and object, the formulation of abductive hypothesis, the conception of aesthetics and ethics, the role of agreement and, finally, the peculiar relationship between mathematics and metaphysics.
Synthesis careful philological joins a methodological concern: read Peirce compared to contemporary epistemology to see if his pragmatism can offer tips that apply to certain philosophical problems today.
In particular, this reading of the American author calls for a reformulation of the old dichotomy synthetic-analytic and a reopening in very different terms of metaphysical discourse.
The preface by André de Tienne, director of the Peirce Edition Project, explains that "the thesis of Maddalena is to convert a method of reading into a reading of Peirce's method."
Charles S. Peirce (1839–1914), known as a logician, philosopher, mathematician and physicist, is one of the most important thinkers of the modern history of science. In the late and most important phase of his career (1891–1909) he has designed programmatic essays and selected lectures explicitly as a series for the magazine "The Monist," posts, of which until now only excerpts and heavily revised versions were published.
The first-time and full publication of "monist" texts in this volume intends a contemporary approach to the highly heterogenous work of Peirce. It is an attempt to present Peirce's idea of the international scientific community faithfully.
The central goal of the "monist" series is the creation of a method of semiotics. The papers present explanations of how Universalgesetzmäßigkeiten feelings, will and cognition, based on differences between experiential and imaginiertem knowledge, but also the definition of attention as a symbolic activity.
Besides its scientific relevance in the philosophical, scientific and visual cultural studies, in cognitive science and logic have the topics discussed by Peirce and a high relevance for the contemporary sciences.
On décrit l'appropriation comme un effort d'interprétation qui résulte d'une tension entre être affecté par l'expérience d'un objet et lui attribuer une signification. Il faut alors répondre à plusieurs questions. Quelles sont les conditions de l'appropriation ? Quelle logique en permet le déploiement ? Comment se déroule cet effort ? Quelle est la forme du résultat obtenu ? Est-ce qu'une connaissance peut s'en dégager ? Ce concept est à la base d'une école de pensée émergente au Québec, que l'on nomme les nouvelles théories de la lecture et de la spectature. Ces théories réactualisent le pragmatisme de Peirce au regard d'enjeux contemporains à propos de l'acte de lecture et de « spectature ». Leurs travaux portent sur la logique au seuil de l'interprétation, ainsi qu'au résultat de l'interprétation - la figure - et au déroulement processuel de l'acte. On adjoint une dimension sociale à l'appropriation en référant aux théories de Ian Hacking. Voulant adopter un point de vue critique par rapport à d'autres théories de l'interprétation comme l'herméneutique et le structuralisme, on a situé diverses conduites interprétatives sur deux axes de l'appropriation (excessive et insuffisante). La méthodologie inhérente à l'appropriation réside dans l'équilibre précaire entre ces deux axes. Une certaine sensibilité culturelle doit alors être acquise, ce qui implique qu'un sentiment de responsabilité accompagne les actions du spectateur soucieux de la pertinence de la figure élaborée au cours de son effort d'interprétation.
One describes appropriaton as an effort of interpretation resulting from a tension between being affected by the experience of an object and attributing to it a meaning. It is necessary then to answer several questions. What are the conditions of appropriation? What logic allows deployment? How is this effort? What shape is the result? Is a knowledge may leak out? This concept is the foundation of a school of thought emerging in Quebec, known as the new theories of reading and spectatorship. These theories update Peirce's pragmatism in terms of contemporary issues about the act of reading and "spectating". Their work focuses on the logical level of interpretation, and the result of interpretation - the figure - and the conduct of the procedural act. We added a social dimension to the appropriation by referring to theories of Ian Hacking. Wanting to adopt a critical perspective in relation to other theories of interpretation as hermeneutics and structuralism, one has situated, on two different interpretive lines, axes of appropriation (excessive and insufficient). Methodology inherent in appropriation lies in the delicate balance between these two axes. Some cultural sensitivity must be acquired, which implies a sense of responsibility accompanies the actions of the viewer conscious of the relevance of the figure developed during the effort of interpretation.
Nel 1902 Charles Peirce, dopo più di trent'anni di ricerca filosofica, creò una nuova disciplina che pose a fondamento di tutto il suo pensiero: la fenomenologia. A questa scienza spetta il compito di osservare tutto ciò che giunge davanti alla mente e rintracciare i suoi elementi universali. Solo a partire dalla fenomenologia è possibile costruire una filosofia solida e sempre sulla fenomenologia deve essere fondata la logica, che fu l'interesse primario degli studi di Peirce. Questa antologia raccoglie alcuni scritti che il padre del pragmatismo dedicò all'analisi dell'esperienza; si tratta di testi in gran parte inediti che vogliono mostrare un lato meno conosciuto del grande filosofo americano, il quale si occupò di vissuti e percezione con lo stesso rigore con il quale studiò la logica dei relativi. Non si tratta però di due facce contraddittorie di un pensatore poco sistematico: al fondo delle ricerche fenomenologiche si trova la stessa domanda sulla natura autentica della realtà che aveva dato origine alla semiotica; per questo le discipline si intersecano e molti temi di logica e matematica contribuiscono all'osservazione dell'esperienza. Allo stesso tempo emerge anche un tratto caratteristico della filosofia peirceiana, vale a dire quello di essere in perenne ricerca, senza mai accontentarsi di soluzioni provvisorie. Per questo motivo i testi seguono un ordine cronologico dal quale traspare il lavoro di correzione continua, unica via possibile per raggiungere in the long run la verità.
In 1902, Charles Peirce, after more than thirty years of philosophical inquiry, he created a new discipline that rests as the foundation of all his thought: phenomenology. In this science has the task of observing everything that comes before the mind and track its universal elements. Only from phenomenology is it possible to build a solid philosophy and phenomenology must always be based on logic, which was the primary focus of studies of Peirce. This anthology collects some of the writings that the father of pragmatism devoted to the analysis of the experience. This is largely unpublished texts that they want to show a lesser-known side of the great American philosopher, who took care of perception and lived with the same rigor with which he studied the logic of relatives. This is not contradictory to the two faces of a very systematic thinker at the bottom of phenomenological research is the same question about the true nature of reality that gave rise to semiotics; why the disciplines intersect and many topics of logic and mathematics contribute to the observation of the experience. At the same time also shows a characteristic feature of Peirce's philosophy, namely that of being in perpetual search, never settling for temporary solutions. For this reason, the texts follow a chronological order, as evidenced by the work of continuous correction, the only way possible to achieve in the long run the truth.
En los últimos años de su vida, Charles S. Peirce, «el intelecto más original y versátil que América ha producido», retoma muchas cuestiones dentro de su evolución intelectual y trata de dar una forma definitiva al sistema de su pensamiento. En ese contexto se enmarcan los dos textos traducidos en este volumen: «Qué es el pragmatismo» (1905) y «Pragmatismo» (1908). «Las revistas filosóficas de todo el mundo están ahora, como sabe, rebosando de pragmatismo y antipragmatismo. A menudo, sin embargo, se escuchan expresiones elocuentes pero poco sinceras que traicionan la completa incomprensión de este nuevo ingrediente del pensamiento de nuestro tiempo, de modo que acepto gustosamente su invitación para explicar qué es realmente el pragmatismo, cómo llegó a ser y hacia dónde tiende».
Translation: In the last years of his life, Charles S. Peirce, "the most original and versatile intellect that America has produced" takes up many issues within his intellectual evolution and tries to give a final shape to the system his thought. In this context are framed the two texts translated in this volume: "What is Pragmatism" (1905) and "Pragmatism" (1908). "The philosophical journals, the world over, are just now brimming over, as you know, with pragmatism and antipragmatism. Often, however, one hears glib utterances that betray complete misunderstanding of this new ingredient of the throught of our time; so that I gladly accept your invitation to explain what pragmatism really is, how it came into being and whither it is tending."
Benjamin Peirce was one of the leading American scientists of the nineteenth century. This book tells the story of Peirce's life, but goes well beyond the biography of a mathematician. It includes information on the development of science and the emergence of colleges and universities in the United States during Peirce's adult life. It also deals with contemporary attitudes toward race and feminism, which form a contribution to social history. The author draws heavily upon diverse manuscript sources to tell Peirce's story.
Peirce belonged to an impressive family of American intellectuals. His mother was a feminist, and his scholarly father wrote a history of Harvard College. The tradition climaxed in Peirce's son, Charles, perhaps the most exceptional mind the United States has yet produced.
This book is an outstanding biographies. American biographer Joseph Brent first made a comprehensive presentation of the life of the famous American thinker Peirce. Peirce as the most famous thinkers in the history of the United States, has a distinguished contribution to the extremely wide range of scientific fields of logic, mathematics, chemistry, astronomy, psychology, linguistics. Book to verify the details of durable, all-round show Peirce's life and its philosophy, delicate vivid brush strokes describes Peirce distinctive character of each, as well as the excellent with the original spirit of scientific genius, richer convincingly demonstrated the Peirce era social environment and academic atmosphere of Peirce's and its devastating consequences. The great repercussions after the book was published, the updated after version, become the Peirce ideological research literature.
Realism and Individualism. Charles S. Peirce and the Threat of Modern Nominalism discusses the main problems, tenets, assumptions, and arguments involved in Charles S. Peirce's early and late realist stances and subjects to critical scrutiny the still dominant view that Pragmatic Realism merely extends or refines new arguments in support of Scholastic Realism without questioning its basic assumptions. The book presents a critical overview of Peirce’s views on modern nominalism and offers a novel approach to the social-anthropological underpinnings of his realism, especially Pragmatic Realism vis à vis the individualist tendencies in modern thought.
The book is of interest to scholars and students of philosophy, especially students of American pragmatism, anthropology, linguistic pragmatics, as well as to anyone interested in Charles S. Peirce, Duns Scotus, Ockham, and generally to semioticians, social scientists, and sociologists.
En développant l'idée que les procédures cognitives impliquent une modélisation mentale, les sciences cognitives pourraient bien remettre à la mode l'analyse par Peirce du raisonnement mathématique en termes de diagrammes mentaux. Cette analyse prolonge et généralise la doctrine kantienne du schématisme et la thèse du caractère synthétique a priori des énoncés mathématique, et ce, grâce aux ressources de la sémiotique élaborée par Peirce et à sa thèse selon laquelle toute pensée est, et se fait, par signes. Le mathématicien raisonne sur des diagrammes exhibant la structure d'un état de choses mathématiques et, en faisant varier ce diagramme, produit des énoncés informatifs qui n'étaient pas contenus implicitement dans les données et qui sont rigoureusement démontrés. Cette analyse ne vaut pas seulement pour la géométrie, mais aussi pour les autres branches des mathématiques. Ce livre expose l'ensemble de la philosophie mathématique de Peirce, passant notamment au crible sa relecture par J. Hintikka, et esquisse des comparaisons avec certains écrits de Frege de la même époque sur les relations entre logique et mathématiques.
Christiane Chauviré est Professeur à l'UFR de Philosophie de Paris1 où elle dirige le Master de Philosophie Contemporaine. Elle est l'auteur d'une douzaine d'ouvrages, notamment: Peirce et la signification (PUF, 1995); La philosophie dans la boîte noire (Kimé, 2000); Voir le visible: la seconde philosophie de Wittgenstein (PUF, 2003); Le moment anthropologique de Wittgenstein, (Kimé, 2005); Lire les Recherches philosophiques de Wittgenstein, en co-éd. Avec S. Laugier (Vrin, 2006)
Developing the idea that cognitive processes involve mental modeling, cognitive science may well rely on the analysis method of mathematical reasoning Peirce in terms of mental diagrams. This analysis extends and generalizes the Kantian schematism and the thesis of synthetic a priori mathematical statements, and with the resources of semiotics developed by Peirce and his theory that all thought is, and is, by signs . The mathematician reasons on diagrams showing the structure of a mathematical situation and by varying this diagram produces information statements that were not implicit in the data and are rigorously demonstrated. This analysis applies not only to the geometry, but also for other branches of mathematics. This book presents the entire mathematical philosophy of Peirce, particularly from its screen reading by J. Hintikka, and outlines some comparisons with Frege's writings from the same period on the relationship between logic and mathematics.
Christiane Chauviré is Professor at the Faculty of Philosophy Paris1 where she directs the Master of Contemporary Philosophy. She is the author of a dozen books, including: Peirce and meaning (PUF, 1995); Philosophy in the black box (Kimé, 2000); Seeing the visible: Wittgenstein's second philosophy (PUF, 2003); Wittgenstein's anthropological moment[?], (Kimé, 2005); Reading Wittgenstein's philosophical researches, co-edited with S. Laugier (Vrin, 2006)
¿Cómo llega el ser humano a producir una obra de arte o a hacer un descubrimiento científico? ¿Dónde radican la novedad y originalidad de lo creado? ¿Es posible medir y enseñar la creatividad?
El pensamiento del científico y filósofo norteamericano Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914), considerado por muchos como una de las mentes más brillantes y originales de todos los tiempos, ofrece un buen punto de partida para una reflexión más global y profunda sobre la creatividad, con el convencimiento de que la capacidad creadora del hombre es precisamente la característica central de su razón. El hombre es creativo por naturaleza, tiende a crecer, a desarrollarse de maneras que no le vienen dadas.
La creatividad es algo que tiene que ver con aprender a vivir. Si somos más creativos, si tenemos más imaginación, disfrutaremos más y será más fácil que se solucionen los grandes problemas del mundo.
Sara Barrena (San Sebastián, 1971) es doctora en filosofía y coordina desde 1997 las actividades del Grupo de Estudios Peirceanos de la Universidad de Navarra. Ha publicado los libros Un argumento olvidado en favor de la realidad de Dios. Introducción, traducción y notas (Cuadernos de Anuario Filosófico, 1996) y La lógica considerada como semiótica. El índice del pensamiento peirceano (Biblioteca Nueva, 2007), así como numerosas traducciones, recensiones y artículos de su especialidad en revistas de filosofía. Ha participado además en diversos proyectos de investigación sobre el pragmatismo y la filosofía americana. Desde hace años compagina la actividad filosófica con su dedicación a la literatura. En 2001 publicó Desde el corazón (Huerga y Fierro), su primer libro de relatos, y en 2005 Venida de la lluvia. Historia de una adopción internacional (Granica).
How does the human being to produce a work of art or make a scientific discovery? Where lie the novelty and originality of creation? Is it possible to measure and teach creativity?
The thought of U.S. scientist and philosopher Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914), considered by many to be one of the most brilliant and original minds of all time, offers a good starting point for a more comprehensive and profound reflection on creativity, with the belief that the creative capacity of man is precisely the central feature of his reason. Man is creative by nature, tends to grow, to develop in ways that do not come as givens to him.
Creativity is something that has to do with learning to live. If we are more creative, if we have more imagination, we will enjoy more and it will be easier to solve the great problems of the world.
Sara Barrena (San Sebastián, 1971) is a doctor of philosophy since 1997 and coordinates the activities of the Peirce Studies Group of the University of Navarra. She has published books Un argumento olvidado en favor de la realidad de Dios. Introducción, traducción y notas (Cuadernos de Anuario Filosófico, 1996) and La lógica considerada como semiótica. El índice del pensamiento peirceano (Biblioteca Nueva [Routledge]), and numerous translations, book reviews and articles on her specialty in philosophy journals. She has also participated in several research projects on pragmatism and American philosophy. For years she has combined philosophical activity with her dedication to literature. In 2001 she published Desde el corazón (Huerga y Fierro), her first book of stories, and in 2005 Venida de la lluvia. Historia de una adopción internacional (Granica [Doubleday]).
In recent years there has been a renewed interest in American pragmatism. In political philosophy, the revival of pragmatism has led to a new appreciation for the democratic theory of John Dewey.
In this book, Robert B. Talisse advances a series of pragmatic arguments against Deweyan democracy. Particularly, Talisse argues that Deweyan democracy cannot adequately recognize pluralism, the fact that intelligent, sincere, and well-intentioned persons can disagree sharply and reasonably over moral ideals. Drawing upon the epistemology of the founder of pragmatism, Charles S. Peirce, Talisse develops a conception of democracy that is anti-Deweyan but nonetheless pragmatist. Talisse then brings the Peircean view into critical conversation with contemporary developments in democratic theory, including deliberative democracy, Rawlsian political liberalism, and Richard Posner’s democratic realism. The result is a new pragmatist option in democratic theory.
The Triadic Continuum is the invention of Jane Mazzagatti, a mathematician and software engineer. Mazzagatti came upon the idea for this new computer data structure, which is based on the work of Charles Peirce, while working on a project for Unisys Corporation. This same structure has proven commercially valuable in the efficient way it stores and allows for the analysis of large datasets. However, while learning about the nature of the structure she discovered more far-reaching implications to areas other than computer science. Charles Peirce was fascinated with how the mind reasons and with all of the scientific and philosophical implications of the mechanisms of how the brain records experience, constructs memories, and accesses previously stored experience and knowledge. Mazzagatti believes that she has rediscovered the structure of the Triadic Continuum, which is the foundation of many of Peirce's key theories dealing with human reasoning and the logic of thought.
In this book the author, who worked with Mazzagatti writing patents for the invention, explains how this structure is unlike any other computer data structure or type of Artificial Intelligence-but more importantly why this structure may very we a model for human cognition.
"Logic, Regarded as Semeiotic" is the title of the proposal that Charles S. Peirce presented to the Carnegie Institution in 1902. In his petition, Peirce sought financial aid to finish and expose to the world that which he considered his life's work: his logical system. His peculiar conception of logic, broadly understood as a semiotic, and his belief that everything that exists can be regarded as a sign, cause the Peircean system's main keys to appear in this paper, regarded as one of the few explicit catalogues [índices] that Peirce left of the whole of his thought. The present volume is framed within the labor of spreading the work of Charles Peirce in Castilian that the Peirce Studies Group at the University of Navarra (http://www.unav.es/gep/), of which Sara Barrena is the coordinator, has been doing since 1994, with the conviction that in his thought can be found some decisive keys for the culture, science and philosophy of the 21st century.
Introduces the spiritual ideas of three major American philosophers.
The Soul of Classical American Philosophy is an introduction to the thought of William James, Josiah Royce, and Charles Sanders Peirce, particularly in terms of the ethical and the spiritual. Writing for the nonspecialist in a straightforward style, Richard P. Mullin brings together the central ideas of these three key figures of classical American Pragmatism and explores their engagement with issues of truth, the meaning of self, free will, moral values, community, scientific thinking, and the relationship with the transcendent. He also addresses the growing international interest in American philosophy and sheds light on a defining movement in its history.
Charles Sanders Peirce, the founder of Pragmatism, was convinced that metaphysics is not just of primary importance to philosophy, but that it serves as the basis of all sciences. From Realism to 'Realicism' is a unique critical study of Peirce's metaphysics, and his repeated insistence on the realism of the medieval schoolman as the key to understanding his own system. By tracing the problem of universals beginning with its Greek roots, Rosa María Perez-Teran Mayorga provides the necessary yet underrepresented background of moderate realism and Peirce's eventual revision of metaphysics. This book examines Peirce's definition of the "real," his synechism, his idealism, and his "pragmaticism," which are all related to his sense of realism. With strong analyses and references to Plato, Aristotle, and John Duns Scotus, a Franciscan monk known as a major proponent of scholastic realism, From Realism to 'Realicism' is an insightful and intriguing book that will stimulate the minds of fellow philosophers and those interested in Charles Sanders Peirce.
In this book, T. L. Short corrects widespread misconceptions of Peirce's theory of signs and demonstrates its relevance to contemporary analytic philosophy of language, mind and science. Peirce's theory of mind, naturalistic but nonreductive, bears on debates of Fodor and Millikan, among others. His theory of inquiry avoids foundationalism and subjectivism, while his account of reference anticipated views of Kripke and Putnam. Peirce's realism falls between 'internal' and 'metaphysical' realism and is more satisfactory than either. His pragmatism is not verificationism; rather, it identifies meaning with potential growth of knowledge. Short distinguishes Peirce's mature theory of signs from his better-known but paradoxical early theory. He develops the mature theory systematically on the basis of Peirce's phenomenological categories and concept of final causation. The latter is distinguished from recent and similar views, such as Brandon's, and is shown to be grounded in forms of explanation adopted in modern science.
The philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) is very important at every stage of the history of modern American thought. It informs William James's evolutionary metaphysics, John Dewey's theory of logic, W.V.O. Quine's naturalism, and Richard Rorty's notion of the Linguistic Turn. Similarly, many Continental philosophers, like Jürgen Habermas, Karl-Otto Apel, Jacques Derrida, and Umberto Eco, have developed Peirce's semiotic logic as central to their own philosophical views. Yet until now there has been a yawning gap in the literature on what is arguably the most essential idea in the entire Peircean corpus, namely his "fallibilism." The basic idea of fallibilism is that all knowledge claims, including those metaphysical, methodological, introspective, and even mathematical claims - all of these remain uncertain, provisional, merely fallible conjectures.
As Elizabeth Cooke explains in Peirce’s Pragmatic Theory of Inquiry, one long-standing concern with the idea of fallibilism is that it might all too easily slide into "skepticism." And this would certainly undermine the overall project of making Peirce's fallibilism the linchpin for any realistic pragmatism. So, it is essential to show Peirce's philosophy does not require any claims to certitude, in order to keep his fallibilism from falling into skepticism or contextualism. Cooke's solution to this problem is to interpret Peirce as having reconceived knowledge - traditionally defined as "foundational" and even "static" - as a dynamic process of inquiry, one which evolves within a larger ontological process of evolution. Her book will be of great interest not only to Peirce and Pragmatism specialists but also to contemporary epistemologists more generally.
Is hope an attitude of wishful thinking or is it a volitional appropriation of what is to come? What does it mean to believe in a divine promise, anticipating but not experiencing its fulfillment? Theology of Anticipation responds to these questions with a constructive study of C. S. Peirce's philosophy. It explores Peirce's strong but ambiguous links to the tradition of 19th century classical German philosophy and the unique way he resurrected this tradition's theoretical content in the American context. Then introducing Wolfhart Pannenberg's philosophical theology of anticipation in a discussion of Peirce's epistemological application of the theory of abduction, Anette Ejsing reads these two in light of each other, with the goal of proposing a Peircean theology of anticipation. With this proposal, she offers a new model for how both rational inquirers and believing theologians can take for real in the present what belongs permanently to the future. This model describes the human pursuit of cognitive as well as personal fulfillment (of understanding and meaning) as anchored in a promise of fulfillment, which makes it an expression of anticipatory hope. Considering Peirce's religious writings of systematic importance for his philosophy, Theology of Anticipation offers critical comments to two existing interpretations of Peirce's philosophy of religion: Michael L. Raposa's theosemiotic and Robert S. Corrington's Peircean theology of divine potentialities.
Charles S. Peirce kept a logic notebook from 1865 to his death. By writing he experimented there with his ideas: "Here I write but never after read what I have written for what I write is done in the process of forming a conception." He experimented there and dated it: we can therefore follow in traces there the birth and development of his ideas.
Using the ideas of the American scientist and philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce, three conceptions of interpretation can be distinguished: the Iconic, the Indexical and the Intellective. This trichotomy is based on Peirce’s use of his sign theory and his logic of scientific discovery. The Iconic captures what is valuable in itself for an individual interpreter as opposed to the Indexical which is available for public appreciation as an outcome beyond Interpretative activities. The Intellective extends the Iconic to include the interpretative activities of groups of interpreters employing appropriate methods of inquiry in a more rigorous and rational way. Such distinctions can be used in confronting certain problems in science, technology and the arts.
Es ist bekannt, daß sich das Philosophieren Peircens am Kategorienproblem entzündet hat. Weniger bekannt ist, daß Peirce dieses Problem zunächst nicht vom Standpunkt Kants, sondern von jenem Schillers her konzipiert. Es sind die Ästhetischen Briefe, in denen Peirce “in an al-most unrecognizable disguise” seine Kategorien vorgebildet sieht: physischer, ästhetischer und moralischer Zustand, so erläutert Schiller im 25. Brief, sind “drey Momente”, die sich nicht nur “bey jeder einzelnen Wahrnehmung eines Objekts unterscheiden” laßen, sondern zudem sowohl “verschiedene Epochen für die Entwick-lung der ganzen Menschheit” als auch solche der Entwicklung “eines einzelnen Menschen” darstellen. Von diesem teleologischen Ansatzpunkt her läßt sich die übergreifende systematische Perspektive, in der die kategoriale Semiotik Peircens entsteht, als eine Reflexion auf die Bedingungen der Konkretisierung jener auch von Kant im ideenlogischen Rahmen thematisierten Historizität und Dynamik der “fragenden Vernunft” fixieren. Alessandro Topa, geb. 1970 in Mailand, studierte Philosophie, Kommunikationsforschung und Romanistik in Bonn, wo er 2006 mit vorliegender Untersuchung promovierte.
It is known that the philosophizing Peircens has inflamed the problem category. Less well known is that this problem Peirce initially not designed from the standpoint of Kant, but from that Schiller ago. It is the Aesthetic Letters, in which Peirce sees "in at al-most unrecognizable disguise" foreshadowed his categories: physical, aesthetic and moral condition, Schiller explained in the 25th Letter, are "three moments" that can not only "differ for each individual perception of an object" but also represent both "different periods for the development of all mankind" and those of development "of an individual." Of this teleological approach here can be the overarching systematic perspective in which the categorical semiotics Peircens arises as fix a reflection on the conditions of the specification that by Kant in the idea logical framework themed historicity and dynamism of "questioning reason." Alessandro Topa, born 1970 in Milan, philosophy, communication research and Romance studied in Bonn, where he graduated in 2006 with the present investigation.
Die Theorien von E. Cassirer und Ch. S. Peirce bieten eine breite Basis für eine vergleichende Untersuchung. Sowohl der cassirersche Versuch einer kulturphilosophischen Grundlegung als auch die Semiotik von Peirce nehmen die Transzendentalphilosophie zum Ausgangspunkt ihres symbol- bzw. zeichentheoretischen Ansatzes. Die vorliegende Arbeit geht zunächst den spezifischen Erweiterungen und Umformungen transzendentalphilosophischer Theorieelemente bei beiden Autoren nach. In einem weiteren Schritt werden der zeichentheoretische Gehalt der Philosophie der symbolischen Formen sowie die Grundlinien der peirceschen Semiotik herausgestellt. Diese vorwiegend darstellenden Kapitel bereiten eine vergleichende Gegenüberstellung ausgewählter Elemente beider Theorien im dritten Hauptteil vor. Beispielsweise gelangt die Nähe der Symbolfunktionen der Philosophie der symbolischen Formen zu den drei Kategorien der peirceschen Philosophie zur Untersuchung und die Frage nach der möglichen Parallelität der symbolischen Formung mit dem semiotischen Interpretationsprozess wird aufgeworfen. Dabei erstaunt weniger die Feststellung, daß der peircesche Ansatz dem cassirerschen Grundlegungsversuch in semiotischer Hinsicht überlegen ist, sondern es kann nachgewiesen werden, daß die peircesche Semiotik eine systematische Weiterführung der Philosophie der symbolischen Formen darstellt. Alois Andermatt, geb. 1970, Studium der Geschichte, Philosophie und Kirchengeschichte an der Universität Zürich von 1990 bis 1997.
The theories of E. Cassirer and Peirce provide a wide basis for a comparative study. Both the cassirersche attempt at cultural and philosophical foundations and the semiotics of Peirce transcendental philosophy as a starting point of their symbol or semiotic approach. The present work is the first specific extensions and transformations transcendental theory elements according to both authors. In a further step the semiotic content of the philosophy of symbolic forms, as well as the outlines of Peircean semiotics are highlighted. This chapter mainly representing prepare a comparative analysis of selected elements of both theories in the third principal part. For example, reaches the vicinity of the symbolic functions of the philosophy of symbolic forms to the three categories of Peirce's philosophy for the investigation and the question of the possible parallelism of the symbolic formation of the semiotic process of interpretation is raised. It is less surprising to note that the Peircean approach is the foundation cassirerschen attempt superior in semiotic terms, but it can be demonstrated that the Peircean semiotics represents a systematic continuation of the philosophy of symbolic forms. Alois Andermatt, born in 1970, studied history, philosophy and church history at the University of Zurich from 1990 to 1997.
Charles Sanders Peirce es conocido sobre todo como fundador del pragmatismo, tradición filosófica muy influyente en las primeras décadas del siglo XX, y cada vez más importante durante las últimas décadas de ese siglo. Este volumen contiene sus dos artículos más famosos e influyentes, "La fijación de la creencia" (1877) y "Cómo aclarar nuestras ideas" (1878), a los que seguimos volviendo en busca de la formulación original de las ideas pragmáticas.
"La fijación de la creencia" lanza la pregunta: ¿qué criterios normativos debemos seguir cuando investigamos o razonamos para ampliar nuestro conocimiento? Gran parte del artículo presenta un experimento mental, diseñado para identificar estos principios rectores fundamentales.
"Cómo aclarar nuestras ideas" da el primer paso hacia el desarrollo científico. Peirce se pregunta: ¿qué tenemos que hacer si debemos tener completamente claro cuál es el contenido de un concepto o de una hipótesis? Merece la pena leer ambos artículos. Están llenos de ideas y argumentos y presentan algunos retos atractivos a las formas tradicionales de hacer filosofía.
Charles Sanders Peirce is best known as the founder of pragmatism, very influential in the early decades of the twentieth century philosophical tradition, and increasingly important during the last decades of that century. This volume contains his two most famous and influential articles, "The Fixation of Belief" (1877) and "How to Make Our Ideas Clear" (1878), who keep coming back looking for the original formulation of pragmatic ideas.
"The Fixation of Belief" asks the question: what normative criteria should we follow when investigating or reason to expand our knowledge? Much of the paper presents a thought experiment designed to identify these fundamental guiding principles.
"How to Make Our Ideas Clear" gives the first step towards scientific development. Peirce asks: what should we do if we have completely clear what the content of a concept or a hypothesis is?
It is worth reading both articles. They are full of ideas and arguments and present some attractive challenges to traditional ways of doing philosophy.
Este livro aborda problemas teóricos, empíricos e metodológicos. Discute as ideias de "semiose genuína" e de Umwelt em sistemas artificiais e as ideias de emergência de semiose e de "mundo fenomenal" nestes sistemas. Relaciona as noções de semiose, aprendizagem, símbolo, máquina semiótica, inteligência estendida e computacional.
This book covers theoretical, empirical and methodological problems. It discusses the ideas of "genuine semiosis" and Umwelt in artificial systems and ideas of emergence of semiosis and "phenomenal world" in these systems. It relates the notions of semiosis, learning, symbol, semiotic machine, extended and computational intelligence.
Charles Sanders Peirce, the famous American philosopher, logician, refers to one of the founders of the No. scientist, pragmatism. In epistemology, metaphysics, logic, semiotics, etc. are made a number of important points, the classical pragmatists of its new practical text advocates analytic philosophers have different procedures, so twelve Ten years ago in the Western philosophical community has welcomed the wave of the wave of "Peirce hot".
Pragmatism is the oldest American history, the impact of the most widely used philosophy dominant genre, not only in the United States, but also in the United Kingdom, France, Italy and China have a certain impact. In order to facilitate Chinese readers a comprehensive understanding of the school's point of view, to Peking 12 representative masterpiece.
This volume a selection of 28 key papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, focus reflects the basic stance of his pragmatism, his epistemology, metaphysics, mathematics, logic , refers to the basic point of view of semiotics, etc. , as well as his scientific and religious views. Book with eight volumes of the "Peirce Anthology" (English version) directory, where you can see all of the profiles, can be used as the index of search-depth study of the Peirce philosophy.
The fields of artificial intelligence, intelligence control, and intelligent systems are constantly changing in the subject area of information science and technology. Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development assembles semiotics and artificial intelligence techniques in order to design new kinds of intelligent systems.
A reference publication, Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development brings a new light to the research field of artificial intelligence by incorporating the study of meaning processes (semiosis), from the perspective of formal sciences, linguistics, and philosophy.
Cambridge pragmatism was recognisably different from the instrumentalism of Dewey's Chicago school. Until James's death in 1910, commentators on pragmatism typically either wrote about James's pragmatism or Dewey's instrumentalism, but not both. Not until the 1910s did many philosophers begin to treat pragmatism as a fairly unified set of doctrines. This change in standpoint is reflected in the organisation of the sets and volumes. This first set contains the only writings about Peirce, James, or other Cambridge pragmatists.
The subject of this book is the thought of the American pragmatist and founder of semiotics, Charles Sanders Peirce. The book collects the papers presented to the International Conference Semiotics and Philosophy in C.S. Peirce (Milan, April 2005), together with some additional new contributions by well-known Peirce scholars, bearing witness to the vigour of Peircean scholarship in Italy and also hosting some of the most significant international voices on this topic. The book is introduced by the two editors and is divided into three sections, corresponding to the three main areas of the most interesting contemporary reflection on Peirce. Namely, Semiotics and the Logic of Inquiry (part I); Abduction and Philosophy of Mathematics (part II); Peirce and the Western Tradition. (part III). The analysis is carried out from a semiotic perspective, in which semiotics should not be understood as a specific doctrine but rather as the philosophical core of Peirce’s system. As we read in the introduction: “it is semiotics and philosophy or, rather, semiotics as philosophy and philosophy as semiotics, which emerge from a reading of these papers”.
Claudine Tiercelin Pierre Thibaud Présentation—7
Index des noms propres — 397
Claudine Tiercelin Pierre Thibaud Presentation — 7
Index of names — 397
« Écrits logiques » constitue le troisième volume de l'édition française des « Œuvres » de Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), philosophe, logicien, mathématicien, homme de science et métaphysicien américain, dont l'œuvre monumentale est indispensable pour comprendre les principaux courants de la philosophie contemporaine, de la tradition dite « continentale » á la philosophie analytique.
En suivant le plus souvent un ordre chronologique, ce troisième volume a pour objet de mettre en perspective les principales contributions peirciennes á l'histoire de la logique mathématique : lecteur des scolastiques et de Boole, Peirce renouvelle la théorie du syllogisme, met en évidence des formes irréductibles d'argument (induction et abduction) au sein d'une théorie de l'information véhiculée par les symboles. Il invente, dans la ligne de Boole et de Schroeder, et indépendamment de la tradition Frege-Peano-Russell, des concepts clés de la logique mathématique contemporaine, passant d'une logique des classes et des relations á une logique des propositions et des prédicats du premier ordre, esquissant une extension de la quantification aux variables prédicatives dans le cadre d'une logique de seconde intention (ou « de second ordre »).
Il privilégie une logique non plus algébrique mais graphique (voire topologique) orientée vers l'expression de la modalité, mieux á même d'illustrer la décomposition analytique des étapes de l'inférence. Car á la différence des mathématiques, science dont l'objet est de tirer des conclusions nécessaires, la logique est la science de la manière dont on tire ces conclusions. Aussi ne se réduit-elle jamais pour Peirce á une simple théorie de la déduction : la logique concerne, outre la classification des raisonnements et la question du fondement de la validité des lois qu'elle découvre, tous les problèmes liés aux facultés ou aux « formes de pensée » ainsi que l'élaboration d'une liste des catégories. Tant il est vrai, comme le montrent ces textes et pour d'autres raisons philosophiques et métaphysiques qui apparaîtront dans le quatrième volume des « Œuvres », que « les concepts les plus communs et les plus indispensables ne sont que des objectivations de formes logiques ».
Écrits Logiques is the third volume of the French edition of the Œuvres of Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), American philosopher, logician, mathematician, scientist and metaphysician, whose monumental work is needed to understand the main currents of contemporary philosophy, of the tradition called "continental" in analytic philosophy.
Following oftenest a chronological order, this third volume aims to put into perspective the main Peircean contributions to the history of mathematical logic: reader of the scholastics and Boole, Peirce renews the theory of the syllogism, highlights irreducible forms of argument (induction and abduction) in a theory of information conveyed by symbols. He invented, in the line of Boole and Schroeder, and independently of the Peano-Russell-Frege tradition, key concepts of contemporary mathematical logic, passing from a logic of classes and relations to a propositional logic and a first-order predicate logic, outlining an extension of quantification to the predicate variables within the framework of a logic of second intention (or "second order").
He favors a logic that is not more algebraic but graphical (or topological), oriented toward the expression of modality, better able to illustrate the analytical decomposition of the steps of inference. For, unlike mathematics, a science whose object is to draw the necessary conclusions, logic is the science of the way in which one draws these conclusions. As well, it never is reduced for Peirce to a simple theory of deduction: logic includes, beyond the classification of reasonings and the question of the basis of the validity of laws that it discovers, all problems tied to the faculties or " forms of thought" as well as the elaboration of a list of categories. So true is it, as shown in these texts and other philosophical and metaphysical reasons that will appear in the fourth volume of "works", that "the commonest and most indispensable conceptions are nothing but the objectificatons of logical forms".
A Companion to Pragmatism, comprised of 38 newly commissioned essays, provides comprehensive coverage of one of the most vibrant and exciting fields of philosophy today.
• Unique in depth and coverage of classical figures and their philosophies as well as pragmatism as a living force in philosophy.
• Chapters include discussions on philosophers such as John Dewey, Jürgen Habermas and Hilary Putnam.
Morris R. Cohen once described pragmatism as “a philosophy for people who cannot think”; and Bertrand Russell feared that pragmatism would lead philosophy into “cosmic impiety.” Nothing could be further from the truth. Pragmatism was one of the most fruitful philosophical movements of the late nineteenth century, and has continued to be a significant influence on some of the major figures in philosophy — F. P. Ramsey, W. V. Quine, Sidney Hook, Nelson Goodman, Hilary Putnam, and many others.
Today some even speak of a remarkable renaissance of pragmatism. Very often, though, what they have in mind is not the rich heritage of the classical pragmatist tradition, but a radical self-styled neo-pragmatism that has of late transmuted the reformist aspirations of classical pragmatism into a kind of revolutionary anti-intellectualism — a radical neo-pragmatism that seems to confirm Russell’s worst fears.
Asking what we can learn from the older pragmatist tradition, and what we can salvage from the intellectual shipwreck of the new, Susan Haack, with the assistance of Robert Lane, has put together a wide-ranging anthology that tells the story of the evolution of pragmatism from its origins in C. S. Peirce’s hopes of making philosophy more scientific and William James’s of “unstiffening our theories,” to the radical literary-political neo-pragmatism recently popularized by Richard Rorty. Opening with a history of pragmatism from its inception to the present day, and closing with Haack’s famous “interview” with Peirce and Rorty, the book presents a broad and diverse selection of pragmatist writings — classical and contemporary, reformist and revolutionary — on logic, metaphysics, theory of inquiry, philosophy of mind, philosophy of religion, aesthetics, philosophy of education, and moral, social, and political philosophy.
This book develops, from the thought of Ch.S. Peirce, "the inventor of semiotics," a model to account for artistic communication, considering both the production and reception of works.
The model is applied to the analysis of many concrete cases, belonging to various contemporary genres: figurative painting (Magritte), monochrome (Klein) statement constitutes a group of artists (New Realists), literature (Duras) cinema (Wenders), photographic installation (Chávez), visual arts and writing (Parant) artistic intervention (Corillon).
While providing new knowledge on the functioning of contemporary art, the book can be used as an introduction to the practical use of Peirean concepts. It summarizes in an appendix the basics of Peirce's semiotics and contains a detailed alphabetical index.
BUT WHO IS PEIRCE?
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914). "The inventor of semiotics", implemented a comprehensive and radical reflection on the notion of sign, which can serve as a theoretical basis for any phenomenological exploration, in the sense that the Peircean sign means ideally the result of any phenomenon of perception, internal or external.
This American logician's philosophy remains relatively unknown despite its importance. Peirce is with Nietzsche the other giant of the metaphysics of the late 19th Century. Nietzsche is concerned with macro-cultural phenomena (theory of instinct, genealogy of morals and culture, axiology, resentment or noble motives ...), Peirce explores their micro-events: the word, expression, logic of linguistic exchange ... Nietzsche gives perspective to follow in tracing the genealogy; Peirce achieves the autopsy in dismantling the mechanisms.
This monograph summarizes an attempt to demonstrate that there are direct applications of Peirce's Logic of Relations, in particular, the Sign Relations, to the theory of elementary particles and their interactions. Further, the Peircean logic leads to new ideas on the construction of computers which function at the quantum level.
La obra de Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914), considerado por muchos como un filósofo del siglo XIX para el siglo XXI, constituye una verdadera mina de aportaciones originales para entender el complejo y cambiante mundo que nos rodea.
La primera parte contiene la información disponible sobre el viaje de Peirce a España en 1870, y sus anotaciones sobre España y los españoles dispersas en sus escritos. La segunda parte provee una amplia perspectiva sobre «todo lo que el mundo hispánico ha dicho sobre Peirce» entre los años 1883 y 2000. El trabajo de revisión de la bibliografía consiste en un catálogo razonado de la producción hispánica sobre Peirce y un estudio crítico previo donde se delinean los aportes fundamentales, las carencias y las líneas de tensión de esa producción.
The work of Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914), considered by many to be a philosopher of the 19th Century for the 21st Century, is a mine of original contributions for understanding the complex and changing world around us.
The first part contains the information available on Peirce's trip to Spain in 1870, and his notes on Spain and the Spanish scattered throughout his writings. The second part provides a broad perspective on "all that the Hispanic world said on Peirce" between 1883 and 2000. The work of review of the bibliography consists of a catalogue raisonné of Hispanic production about Peirce and a previous critical study which outlines the fundamental contributions, gaps, and powerlines of that production.
Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications. Divided into three parts on the conceptual framework, the logical foundations, and the applications, this monograph takes the reader for a comprehensive and erudite tour through the taxonomy of abductive reasoning, via the logical workings of abductive inference ending with applications pertinent to scientific explanation, empirical progress, pragmatism and belief revision.
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), the principal subject of this book, was one of the most profound and prolific thinkers and scientists to have come out of the United States. His pragmatic logic and scientific methodology largely represent the application of interactive and intercommunicative triadic processes, best viewed as strategic and dialogic conceptualisations of logical aspects of thought, reasoning and action. These viewpoints also involve pragmatic issues in communicating linguistic signs, and are unified in his diagrammatic logic of existential graphs. The various game-theoretic approaches to the semantics and pragmatics of signs and language, to the theory of communication, and to the evolutionary emergence of signs, provide a contemporary toolkit, the relevance of which Peirce envisioned to a wondrous extent.
This work sheds considerable new light on these and other aspects of Peirce’s philosophy and his pragmatic theory of meaning. Many of his most significant writings in this context reflect his later thinking, covering roughly the last 15-20 years of his life, and they are still unpublished. Drawing comprehensively from his unpublished manuscripts, the book offers a fresh and rich picture of this remarkable man’s original involvement with logical aspects of thought in action.
This book compiles some materials of the congress held at the National Autonomous University of Mexico around the tribute to Charles Sanders Pierce, ninety years after his death. These works address Pierce's contributions to various sciences such as logic, mathematics, semiotics, epistemology, etc., aiming to give an approach to the work of American thinker.
Auch Semiotik und Literaturwissenschaft sind mit dem Problem beschäftigt, Theorien zur Erklärung von Prozessen und zur Entstehung von Neuem zu entwickeln. Das klassische dualistische Erkenntnismodell hat sich in dieser Hinsicht als unzulänglich erwiesen. Nina Ort entwickelt nun einen überzeugenden Vorschlag, dieses um ein umfassenderes dreiwertiges Modell zu ergänzen, das eine angemessenere Darstellung von Prozessualität erlaubt. Sie entfaltet dieses durch die Kombination der »nicht-Aristotelischen Logik« von Gotthard Günther mit der Semiotik von Charles S. Peirce zu einer reflexionslogischen Semiotik.
Mit diesem Entwurf einer reflexionslogischen Semiotik im Ausgang von Günther und Peirce wird eine Methode angeboten, die auf die verwickelte erkenntnis- und wissenschaftstheoretische Situation in den Geisteswissenschaften insgesamt reagiert. Zum einen wird mit ihr ein System entwickelt, das auf einem formal geschlossenen, nicht-klassischen Erkenntnismodell basiert. Zum anderen ist damit ein Modell entwickelt, mit dem die Prozessualität und Operationalität der Peirceschen Semiotik nicht nur konstatiert, sondern logisch begründet werden können. Hiermit steht schließlich auch eine Theorie zur Verfügung, mit der gleichermaßen logisch und semiotisch begründet wird, auf welche Weise Neues kreiert werden kann – anstatt Neues einfach anzunehmen oder zu behaupten.
Die reflexionslogische Semiotik kann deshalb die seit langem drängenden Fragen nach der Modellierung prozessualer, evoluierender und lebendiger Systeme beantworten. In einem literaturanalytisch Teil wird an ausgewählten Texten Kafkas nachgewiesen, dass hier Erzählstrategien entwickelt werden, die aus einer klassischen Perspektive nur als diffus, unerklärbar oder paradox bezeichnet werden können. Erst eine reflexionslogische Interpretation kann zeigen, dass und wie es in Josefine, die Sängerin oder das Volk der Mäuse und im Urteil um die Kreation von etwas jenseits der klassischen Realitätsthematiken von Sein und Reflexion geht.
Nina Ort habilitierte mit der vorliegenden Arbeit 2005 an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität in München. Dort arbeitet sie derzeit als Privatdozentin mit den Forschungsschwerpunkten Systemtheorie und Semiotik.
Both semiotics and literary studies are concerned with the problem of developing theories to explain processes and the emergence of the new. The classic two-tier model of knowledge has proven to be inadequate in this respect. Nina Ort is now developing a convincing proposal to supplement this to a broader trivalent model, which allows a more appropriate presentation of processual. She develops this through a combination of "non-Aristotelian logic" of Gotthard Günther with the semiotics of Charles S. Peirce's semiotics to a logical reflection.
This draft reflection logical semiotics in output by Günther and Peirce, a method is provided that responds to the complicated epistemological and philosophical situation in the humanities in general. On the one with her is developing a system that is based on a formally closed, non-classical model of knowledge. Secondly, it is a model developed by the processual and operational quality of the Peircean semiotics not only stated, but can be justified logically. This is ultimately a theory available, is explained by the equally logical and semiotic way in which the new can be done - rather than simply accepting or new to say.
The reflection logical semiotics can therefore answer the pressing questions for a long time after the modeling process facilitated evoluierender and living systems. In a literary analysis of selected texts Kafka's part it is shown that this narrative strategies are being developed that can be called from a classical perspective, just as vague, inexplicable, or paradoxical. Only a reflection logical interpretation can show that and how to do it in Josephine the Singer, or the Mouse Folk and in the judgment to the creation of something beyond the classic themes of His reality and reflection.
Nina Ort habilitation with the present work in 2005 at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich. There she currently works as a lecturer with the research priorities systems theory and semiotics.
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) gilt als der bedeutendste Philosoph, den America hervorge-bracht hat. Seine Arbeiten im Bereich der Logik, Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft an der Wende zum 20. Jahrhundert haben das moderne Weltbild mitbegründet. Nahezu unbekannt ist, daß Peirce seit seinen Studienjahren am Harvard College so intensiv wie kein anderer kreativer Wissenschaftler seiner Zeit sich mit der antiken griechischen Philosophie beschäftigte und daß das Studium der antiken griechischen Philosophen anhand der griechischen Texte sein ganzes Forscherleben begleitete und direkten Einfluß auf sein Denken hatte.
Die Abhandlung mit dem Titel „On the Logic of Drawing History from Ancient Documents, Especially from Testimonies“ aus dem Jahre 1901 ist der Schlüssel für diese Rezeptionsarbeit. Sie zeigt Peirce als systematischen Denker und empirischen Wissenschaftler auf der Suche nach der Logik der Geschichtswissenschaft am Leitfaden berühmter Beispiele der antiken Philosophie. Auf die besondere Bedeutung dieser in der Forschung bisher vernachlässigten Abhandlung für die „methodology of ancient history“ hat zuletzt der Harvard-Philosoph Willard Van Orman Quine aufmerksam gemacht. Das vorliegende Buch von Maria Liatsi ist ein Kommentar zu dieser Abhandlung, die die von Peirce entwickelte pragmatistische Methode historischer Forschung zum Gegenstand hat.
Dr. Maria Liatsi ist nach einem Studium der Klassischen Philologie und Philosophie in Thessaloniki und Freiburg / Br. Dozentin an der Universität Ioannina, Griechenland.
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) is considered to be America’s greatest philosopher. His works in the fields of logic, mathematics and science in the late 19th and early 20th centuries helped to establish the modern view of the world. Few people realise that, from his student years at Harvard, Peirce was more deeply concerned with ancient Greek philosophy than any creative scholar of his age and that the study of ancient Greek philosophy, based on the original Greek texts was a constant part of his life as an researcher and had a direct influence on his thinking.
The 1901 study ‘On the Logic of Drawing History from Ancient Documents, Especially from Testimonies’ is the key to this work of reception. It shows Peirce as a systematic thinker and empirical scholar seeking the logic of historical studies on the evidence of famous examples of ancient philosophy. The importance of this previously neglected study for the methodology of ancient history was highlighted most recently by the Harvard philosopher Willard Van Orman Quine. Maria Liatsi’s book is a commentary on this work by Peirce in which he develops pragmatic methods for historical research.
Dr. Maria Liatsi is, after studying classical philology and philosophy in Thessaloniki and Freiburg / Br lecturer at the University of Ioannina, Greece.